Abnormal Psychology (7)

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Which axis are personality disorders?
Axis II
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Do others see a change in the individuals behaviour?
Rarely, as they usually begin before adulthood
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What are personality disorders often comorbid with?
Axis I disorders such as dependent PD social phobia
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Are sufferers aware of their inflexible style of thinking or way of relating to others?
no
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Are personality disorders ego-syntonic or ego-dystonic?
ego-syntonic
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What are Cluster A personality disorders? (DSM IV)
odd/eccentric
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What are Cluster B personality disorders? (DSM IV)
dramatic/erratic
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What are Cluster C personality disorders? (DSM IV)
anxious/inhibited
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Which personality disorders are in Cluster A? (DSM IV)
Schizotypal, Paraniod, Schizoid
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Which personality disorders are in Cluster B? (DSM IV)
antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic
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Which personality disorders are in Cluster C? (DSM IV)
Avoidant, Dependent, Obsessive-compulsive
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Which personality disorders are included in the DSM V?
Schizotypal, antisocial, borderline, narcissistic, avoidant and obsessive compulsive
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What percentage of male and female prisoners were diagnosed with antisocial PD in one study?
47% of men and 21% of women
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When shown words that elicit fear, where do those with antisocial personality disorder show less activation?
the amygdala and hippocampus (fearlessness) - maybe why they fail to show classical conditioning to aversive stimuli
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What are the core features of borderline personality disorder?
impulsivity and instability in relationships and mood, prone to bouts of anger and self destructive activities
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What percentage of people with borderline personality disorder are women?
75%
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What did Ford & Widiger 1989 find in relation to the diagnosis of Personality Disorders?
clinicians are biased by gender stereotypes when they give a diagnosis, and certain diagnostic criteria may pathologies feminine traits
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How much do the diagnostic criteria for PDs overlap?
over 50% of people with a PD meet the diagnostic criteria for another PD
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The DSM V did not retain 6 of the categories in the DSM IV TR, why?
Because their features overlapped with features of one or more of the retained categories
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What is the new system in the DSM V appendix?
PDTS (Personality disorder trait specified) ... more dimensional and less categorical
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Card 2

Front

Do others see a change in the individuals behaviour?

Back

Rarely, as they usually begin before adulthood

Card 3

Front

What are personality disorders often comorbid with?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Are sufferers aware of their inflexible style of thinking or way of relating to others?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Are personality disorders ego-syntonic or ego-dystonic?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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