Intro to Clinical

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What are the four characteristics of stigma?
Label is applied to group of people with distinguishing traits ---- label refers to underiable traits---labelled people percieved as different---labelled people discriminated against
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What are the four defining characteristics of abnormal behaviour?
Personal Distress, Disability, Dysfunction, Violation of social norms
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Name the 5 axis of DSM-IV-TR
1. Clinical disorders. 2.Personality disorders and "mental retardation" 3.Medical Condtions 4.Psychosocial and Environmental Problems 5. Global Assessment
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What are the six major paradigms in psychopathology?
Genetic, Neuroscience, Psychoanalytic, Cognitive/Behavioural, Diathesis-Stress, Biopsychosocial
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Explain the genetic paradigm.
Could be inherited, abnormal structures in brain at birth.
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Explain the neuroscience paradigm.
Structure and function could effect mental disorders ie levels of hormones such as dopamine, serotonin
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Explain the Psychoanalytical paradigm
Developed from Freuds work, unresolved conflicts ie anally retentive =OCD
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Explain the Cognitive/Behavioural paradigm
Behaviour is reinforced by consequences and our cognition and perception of the world
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Explain the diathesis-stress paradigm
Diathesis= predispostion. Disorders arise from interaction between diathesis and stress. No diathesis no disorder.
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Perspectives on Depression.
Biological, Psychodynamic, Cognitive, Behavioural, Cog-Behav, Diathesis-stress and Bio psychosocial, Interpersonal
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Explain the Biological perspective on Depression.
Genetic abnormalities, Neurotransmitter abnormaltiies
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Explain the Psychodynamic perspective on Depression.
Potentional for depression formed in childhood ie loss of parent, poor parenting
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Explain the Interpersonal perspective on Depression.
Conflict in role, role transition;marriage, birth, divorce
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Explain the cognitive perspective on Depression.
Reformulated learned helplessness model, depression as a thinking disorder
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Explain the Behavioural perspective on Depression.
Environmental reinforcement, increased punishments and decreased postive reinforcements
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Explain the psychosocial perspective on Depression.
Mania= defence against negative feelings ie low self esteem.
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Explain the biopsychosocial perspective on Depression.
Biological (genetics), Psychological (childhood trauma), Social (stress, lack of social support)
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What are the four defining characteristics of abnormal behaviour?

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Personal Distress, Disability, Dysfunction, Violation of social norms

Card 3

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Name the 5 axis of DSM-IV-TR

Back

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Card 4

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What are the six major paradigms in psychopathology?

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Card 5

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Explain the genetic paradigm.

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