A2 Psychology Unit 3 Revision

What is the main feature of Bandura's theory of aggression?
Observational learning
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How does 'vicarious reinforcement' explain aggressive behaviour..?
Observing and learning the consequences of aggressive behaviour by watching others being either reinforced or punished.
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How did Zimbardo's research support Deindividuation theory?
He showed that 'anonymity' a key component of deindividuation- increased aggressive behaviour, e.g. in prison guards.
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Which Insitutional aggression model examines situational factors for aggressive behaviour? And why?
Deprivation model... as it suggests that the prisoner is the product of a stressful and opressive environment..
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Name three sources of evidence supporting the role of testosterone and it's effects on aggression..
Research - twins, challenge hypothesis, cortisol-testosterone relationship, animal studies (monkeys, cockerels, mice, pigeons), neurobiological-serotonin.
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What gene has been associated with aggressive behaviour?
MAOA
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What is cuckoldry?
Reproductive cost that might be inflicted on a man as a result of his partner's infidelity. As a result, he is at risk of investing resources in offspring that are not his own.
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What are two benefits of aggressive displays in groups
1) Sexual selection - aggressive males who go to battle- 'win' the right to have access to females. 2) Acquisition of status within the group - aggressive displays earn respect from other male warriors. or... 3) Sports - territorial displays - hucka.
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Each person has 22 pairs of chromosomes... true or false?
False it's 23!
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When a foetus is three months old..what process causes male genitalia to develop?
The release of testosterone by the testes
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What is the name of the social constructionist theory that utlises the concept of gender 'labelling'?
Bio-Social Theory
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GID is suggested to be caused by faulty serotonin receptors ......... True or False?
False ... caused by faulty androgen - hormone - receptors.
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Explain how Piaget influenced Kohlberg's Constancy Theory...
The way we think about Gender roles/expectant behaviours - changes as we get older because of physical changes in the brain.
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Gender Scema Theory explains gender development in terms of children learning gender 'schemas' from parents / peers / tv , etc .... True or False
True
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How do parents act as a social influence on children's gender role development?
By giving differential reinforcement, e.g. rewarding gender appropriate behaviour and punishing inappropriate behaviour.
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What were the three tribes studied by Margaret Mead in Papua New Guinea?
Arapesh Tchambuli Mundugamor
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Which tribe demonstrated gender roles that were different from the traditional western ones..?
Tchumbuli - men were emotionally dependent... women were more dominant, managerial and interpersonal.
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For an 'A' grade... Unit 3 essay evaluation answers need to feature, IDA, AO3, balanced discussion, chicken studies... TRUE or false ???
FALSE !!!
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What other way can you pick up 4 extra marks in the exam?
QWORC marks gained by the quality of written communication, i.e. spelling, grammar, presentation..
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How long do you have for each topic answer ??
30 minutes
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What is the A03 term for when you question the ability of the researcher to demonstrate causality?
Internal Validity
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Which two animal research debate points can you discuss - which questions the relevance of conducting it at all?
1) Issue of inference and 2) Cost - Benefit analysis.
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Name of three types bias that may result if the researcher is not careful to take account of in their planning.
Gender researcher investigator ethnocentric cultural
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Type of error whereby the researcher incorrectly rejects the null hypothesis
Type 1 error
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Good Luck !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Good Luck !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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Card 2

Front

How does 'vicarious reinforcement' explain aggressive behaviour..?

Back

Observing and learning the consequences of aggressive behaviour by watching others being either reinforced or punished.

Card 3

Front

How did Zimbardo's research support Deindividuation theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which Insitutional aggression model examines situational factors for aggressive behaviour? And why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name three sources of evidence supporting the role of testosterone and it's effects on aggression..

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Preview of the front of card 5
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