There were five main Rival Nations in Europe.
- Britain ruled an empire of over one quarter of the world's people, and owned rich industries. Britain was an island, so it had a strong navy to protect itself and its colonies from invasion. During the 19th century, Britain followed a policy of 'splendid isolation' - it didn't get involved in European politics.
- France also had an overseas empire. The French were bitter about losing Alsace and Lorraine…