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Why were there 2 armed camps in Europe in 1914?
The great powers in 1900
The triple entente
In 1900 Britain was a very powerful country. Its empire was huge and stretched a ¼ of
the earth and people called it the empire where the sun always shining as somewhere in
the empire it was always daytime. Britain was very industrialised and had good
transport and communication. Britain also had the biggest navy in the world with a total
of 185 warships.…read more

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Britain's and in many ways was jealous of her. Germany was ruled by Kaiser Wilhelm the
second who wanted German wealth and influence abroad. Germany called its small
overseas empire as its place in the sun and Kaiser Wilhelm wanted more! The Kaiser was
also determined to expand the German army and navy.
Austria- Hungary
Austria Hungary was much less powerful than it had been in the past. It relied upon
Germany now for support.…read more

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The fear of the formation of the triple alliance was made purely for defence reasons
and to help protect each other's countries if an invasion occurred.
Agreement number 4- 1904 the entente cordiale between Britain and France
Britain was becoming worried for its empire as the triple alliance was becoming more
powerful. South Africa one of Britain's colonies with the Boers (rebel fighters who
wanted independence) and Germany expressed sympathy for the Boers so Britain
began to distrust the Germans.…read more

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L-and (size of a country and empire as more land and bigger empire= more resources
and more people!)
Kaiser Wilhelm 2 and Weltpolitik
Kaiser- emperor of Germany
Otto van Bismarck- German chancellor
Who was Kaiser Wilhelm 2?
Unusual man
Queen Victoria's grandson
Had withered arm as he was born with a deformity to his arm which some
historians think made him angry and bitter?
Always wore military uniform
Fled just before ww1 ended
Not very diplomatic
Keen to expand German empire wanted…read more

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idea but Germany was not informed. Kaiser Wilhelm 2 then went to the Moroccan town
of tangier in his finest military clothing and paraded a brass band sending a letter to
the sultan of morocco saying that Germany would protect morocco from the French.
However the Kaiser didn't really care about morocco and he just wanted to see how
the French and the triple entente would react.…read more

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as Germany was not an island it didn't need to protect its coasts as much and this
caused even more building of dreadnaughts.
Dreadnaughts changed the navy forever. The dreadnaught was faster and more
powerful than any ship ever before, older ships were now called `funf minuten ships' by
the Germans as they were thought to not last 5 minutes towards a dreadnaught. From
1909 naval power was measured in dreadnaughts the more dreadnaughts a country had
the more powerful it was considered.…read more

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The Franco- Russian alliance was signed in 1893. This relationship worried
Austria-Hungary and Germany as they felt encircled and enclosed. The alliance was
purely defensive however Austria-Hungary didn't know this and started to get
paranoid about an attack. Germany thought that France and Russia would attack from
both sides and take over the country; they were worried about an attack from both
sides as this would mean that they would have to split their army in half.…read more

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Thursday 24th October 1929- wall street crash, worldwide depression soon
1931- Manchurian crisis
1933- now fascist countries Germany and Japan leave league of nations
1935- Abyssinian crisis
September 1939- Germany invades Poland ww2 begins
The Paris peace conference
In January 1919 delegates of 32 of the allied states attended the Paris peace
conference. None of the defeated powers attended the conference (no Austria
or Germany) and neither did Russia as it was in the midst of a civil war.…read more

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however Lloyd George did not share these views he wanted to prevent a peace
settlement from occurring that was too harsh on Germany because it would mean that
Germany would not accept it. Lloyd George believed that if Germany was punished to
harshly it would turn to communism. Also the prime minister knew that Britain
depended on trade for wealth so the recovery of Germany was essential for Britain.…read more


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