- Collectivisation/industrialisation of first FYP 1928 developed industrial base and useful central mechanism for producing weapons quickly.
- High defence £££££ meant SU's arsenal was more heavily invested than most of EUR.
- Spending trebled after 1937
- By 1941 putting out 230 tanks and 700 aircraft per month
- Milit-experts consider Soviet T-34 tank was most effective tank of WWII
- Not planned for a specific type of war, built forces to cope with all scenarios, kept changing priorities
- Killed Tukhachevsky in 1937 purges, who favoured German mobile warfare
- Sov equipment & training showed no coherency
- Stifled initative after purges removed 14 out of 16 top commanders (but purges overplayed by historians)
- Expansion in military units faster than people could fill them
- Military strategy in 1941 not tailored to a fast moving enemy
- Population not prepared for war on home turf
- Assuming USSR was weak and collapse imminent, based on supposed weakness of post-purge army
- Assuming Blitzkrieg tactics would lead quick Germans to surround slow Red Army
- Angliskaga provokatisga - Stalin's belief of "English provocation"
- Non-agression pact 1939/Molotov-Ribbentrop pact - Divided Europe - Poland - delivered Gy raw materials till 1941
- Blind faith in non-agression pact, left USSR powerless in June 1941
- Recent evidence that Stalin was active - meetings at dacha - GKO - Speech July 3rd 1941
- GKO circumvented bureaucracy - centralised power for quick, effective decisions - MOLOTOV, BERIA, VOROSHILOV, MALENKOV, STALIN
- Stavka created…