From Kaiser to Fuhrer: WWII (6)

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Noid
  • Created on: 06-06-14 14:35
Preview of From Kaiser to Fuhrer: WWII (6)

First 319 words of the document:

6.1: An overview of the Second World War
1. 1 September 1939 Germany invaded Poland
2. 3 September 1939 Britain and France declared war on Germany
The causes of the war
1. Hitler's aggressive foreign policy
a. Already annexed Austria and Czechoslovakia through Lebensraum
b. Britain and France declared war against Germany, who they thought was being
excessively dominant, when Poland was invaded
2. A weak international system
a. Hitler had power to ignore the Treaty of Versailles and invade countries because the
international system was weak
i. USA and USSR were isolationist
ii. Britain and France preoccupied with the Depression
iii. Britain had policy of appeasement, thinking the terms of the Treaty were too
iv. USSR, France and Britain would not work together
v. USSR signed Nazi-Soviet Pact
The course of the war
1. German successes (1939-1941)
a. Nazis overrun Poland through blitzkrieg in 4 weeks
b. Period of phoney war
c. Britain unsuccessfully tried to stop Germans invading Scandanavia in March 1940
d. Germany conquered Luxembourg, Holland and Belgium
e. Germany defeated British and French forces and conquered France in June 1940
f. Battle of Britain summer 1940
g. Germany invaded Soviet Union June 1941, Wehrmacht gaining ground quickly
h. Meanwhile, Germany engaged in North Africa
2. The tide turns (Late 1941-1943)
a. USA joined the war following Pearl Harbour in December 1941
b. British defeat Germans in Et Alamein in November 1942
c. German defeat in Stalingrad, 300k troops surrender in January 1943
d. Red Army begin to defeat Wehrmacht
e. May 1943 Allies win Battle of the Atlantic
3. Defeat (1944-1945)
a. US, Britain and Canadian troops opened up a third front in northern France on D-Day, 6
June 1944
b. Soviet success over Germans in Operation Bagration
c. 30 April 1945, Hitler committed suicide when Soviets reach Berlin

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Civilian morale during the war
1. Hitler prioritised getting supplies to the home front
2. It was not until the end of the war that civilians suffered from shortages
3. Measures made to maintain support:
a. Meat rationed, but at 500g until April 1942
b. Extra rations given at Christmas and to those who did strenuous work
c. Rations exceeded minimum calories needed until 1944
d. Early victories in Poland, Norway, Denmark, Luxembourg, France and Belgium maintained
e. Propaganda
f.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Opposition during the war
Christian opposition
1. 1941, Catholic protests against order to remove crucifixes from Bavarian churches caused
the order to be reversed
2. Catholic Bishop Galen opposed the euthanasia programme Aktion T4
3. Protestant Dietrich Bonhoeffer spoke out against the regime and was arrested in 1943, then
murdered in 1945
Youth opposition
1. Edelweiss Pirates worked with left-wing underground to smuggle out POWs. The Pirates of
Cologne were publicly hanged in 1944
2. The White Rose movement formed in Munich in 1942.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

How efficient was the Nazi war economy?
The German economy during the early part of the war
1. 1939-41, German military expenditure doubled
2. 1941, 55% of workforce war-related
3. Britain produced x2 aircrafts
4. USSR produced 2600 more tanks
5. Chaotic organisation meant overlapping of responsibility. The Office of the Four Year Plans,
the SS, the Ministry of Economics, the Ministry of Armaments and the armed forces all had
responsibility for armaments production
The appointment of Speer
1.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

The failures of the war economy
1. The state remained chaotic
2. Labour shortages:
a. Women not mobilised
b. Reliance on badly treated foreign workers; 60-80% less productive
3. Shortages of raw materials such as coal and oil and ersatz goods did not compensate
4. The resources they needed from conquered territories was not efficiently harnessed
5. Stalin's scorched earth policy hindered Nazis; in Donbass in Ukraine a coal mine only had 5%
production in 1942 compared to pre-war
6.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

The persecution of the Jews
Victims of the Nazis, 1939-45
1. WW2 caused 60m deaths total, including 26.6 soviet civilians
2. 6m Jews died in the Holocaust (2/3 of Jewish population of Europe)
3. 250k-500k Roma died
4. 15k homosexuals died
5. 1m killed by Einsatzgruppen in Eastern Europe and the USSR
6. 3m Soviet POWs murdered or starved
1. 1 April, Boycott of Jewish shops
2. April, Jews removed from civil service
3. Compulsory sterilisation of mentally ill
1.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

The causes of the `Final Solution'
The role of Hitler
1. Expressed that Jews were not Germans in Mein Kampf, 25-points and his speeches
2. Proto-genocidal views
3. Anti-Semitic
4. Hitler said in 1941 that Jews should be `exterminated as partisans'
5. Most historians agree that Hitler did not think up the `Final Solution' pre-war
Cumulative radicalisation and the chaotic state
1. Chaotic decision-making encouraged ideological radicalism
2. Jews were treated with more radical measures throughout war
The impact of the war
1.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »