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Unit 8: The Second World War and its
aftermath to 1954
The political, social and economic impacts of WWII on the USA
Assess the impact of growth of Federal Interventional in American
economy had on the American people's perception of the Federal
Did the war succeed where the New…

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o New agencies multiplied to cope
o War Powers Act= granted FDR unprecedented authority to lead a nation
in total war.
o There was a need to coordinate the government, the economy and the
o New federal Agencies created, e.g. the Office of Price Administration to
manage the wartime…

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o Demands of war= led to vast government investment in technology, e.g.
development of synthetic rubber 51 plants were constructed and provided
a huge number of jobs.

Gearing up industry for War: shipbuilding and the aircraft industry
o By 1944, ten bombers a day were being built.
o Henry Ford…

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o Reality=women tended to be paid at lower rates and maledominated
trade unions showed little enthusiasm for equalisation
o To aid working mothers, the federal government= built childcare centres
but many mothers refused to use tem because they were costly and low
quality of care= most mothers doubled up as…

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o General picture= one of spreading affluence based on prosperous and
developing electrical and automobile industries and a massive
construction boom.
o Automobile industry = key indicator of economic performance and
prosperity before and after WWII. The higher the level of car sales the
more prosperous the population was. In…

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weren't communist 1947 Executive Order 9835 established loyalty boards very anti
red. Between 194751 3000 government officials forced to resign
1947 Truman doctrine offered money to countries who rejected communism e.g.
Marshall aid $13bn package given to 16 European countries to help deal with the
effects of war

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Japanese Americans thousands= moved from west coast to camps in the
interior in 194142

McCarthyism: the immediate background
o Alger Hiss, a well connected diplomat, in the state department was found
to be guilty of supplying the soviets with diplomatic secrets at the times of
the Yalta conference Feb 1945…

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o Events in Korea made Truman Administration even more unpopular
defeat of US forces to China 195051 America boys dying fighting
o Ethel and Julius Rosenberg accused and convicted of passing secrets to
soviets in 1951
o Internal Security Act passed over President's veto allowed more direct
political surveillance…

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o Fear= triggers by Sovviet possession of the atomic bomb and the
revelation that spies helped the Russians get it= essential backdrop for
his performance
o Korean War ended in Stalemate in 1953= Republican installed in the
white house and McCarthy's days were numbered
o Broader Red Scare of 1946…


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