Unit 8 WWII and its aftermath to 1954

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Emmy sale
  • Created on: 10-06-15 19:12
Preview of Unit 8 WWII and its aftermath to 1954

First 352 words of the document:

Unit 8: The Second World War and its
aftermath to 1954
The political, social and economic impacts of WWII on the USA
Assess the impact of growth of Federal Interventional in American
economy had on the American people's perception of the Federal
Did the war succeed where the New Deal had failed and laid the basis of
postwar prosperity?
Postwar prosperity why?, understand the changes the war made to the
lives of American people
The Red Scare and McCarthy distinguishing between the two. What were
their effects?
Key Dates
1939 outbreak of War in Europe
Neutrality acts modified to allow `Cash and Carry' sales of war
1940 FDR elected for unprecedented third term
1941 LendLease act gives the president powers to aid GB and later
Japanese bomb Pearl Harbour
Germany declares war on USA
1943 Pentagon building completed
1944 FDR wins a fourth term as president with Truman as vice President
1945 FDR dies and Truman takes over as president
End of war in Europe
End of war in Asia
1947 Federal Loyalty Boards established in response to the Red Scare
1948 Truman unexpectedly wins reelection
1949 Soviet Union explodes atomic bomb
China becomes under communist control
1950 McCarthy launches his anticommunist campaign
Outbreak of war in Korea
1952 Eisenhower wins as first Republican president since Hoover
1954 McCarthy censured by the Senate
What impact did the war have on the machinery of government?
o Machinery of government= had not been able to cope with the demands
of implementing the New Deal legislation leading President Roosevelt to
expand White house staff and establish the Executive Office of the
President in the teeth of opposition from congress.
o Many people had reservations about the development of Presidential
power but the war bore all such reservations away and created a more
powerful Presidency and enlarged Federal Government.
o Demands of WWII= intensified pressures for more Federal and
presidential activity.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

New agencies multiplied to cope
o War Powers Act= granted FDR unprecedented authority to lead a nation
in total war.
o There was a need to coordinate the government, the economy and the
o New federal Agencies created, e.g. the Office of Price Administration to
manage the wartime economy.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Demands of war= led to vast government investment in technology, e.g.
development of synthetic rubber 51 plants were constructed and provided
a huge number of jobs.
Gearing up industry for War: shipbuilding and the aircraft industry
o By 1944, ten bombers a day were being built.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Reality=women tended to be paid at lower rates and maledominated
trade unions showed little enthusiasm for equalisation
o To aid working mothers, the federal government= built childcare centres
but many mothers refused to use tem because they were costly and low
quality of care= most mothers doubled up as housewives and workers.
Strengthening of trade unions
o War= strengthened the influence of union organisations.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

General picture= one of spreading affluence based on prosperous and
developing electrical and automobile industries and a massive
construction boom.
o Automobile industry = key indicator of economic performance and
prosperity before and after WWII. The higher the level of car sales the
more prosperous the population was. In postwar years this rose
o 1950= 40 million cars on the road.
o Created boosts to the oil industry and highway construction.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Executive Order 9835 established loyalty boards very anti
red. Between 194751 3000 government officials forced to resign
1947 Truman doctrine offered money to countries who rejected communism e.g.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Japanese Americans thousands= moved from west coast to camps in the
interior in 194142
McCarthyism: the immediate background
o Alger Hiss, a well connected diplomat, in the state department was found
to be guilty of supplying the soviets with diplomatic secrets at the times of
the Yalta conference Feb 1945 and before
o Within days of the Hiss judgement, Klaus Fuchs ( scientist who worked on
the manhattan project to develop atomic weapons) found guilty of leaking
atomic secrets in Britain
o This gave a…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

Events in Korea made Truman Administration even more unpopular
defeat of US forces to China 195051 America boys dying fighting
o Ethel and Julius Rosenberg accused and convicted of passing secrets to
soviets in 1951
o Internal Security Act passed over President's veto allowed more direct
political surveillance of private citizens
o Republican Victory, November 1952, allowed his campaigns to widen
McCarthy's downfall
o Warned off going for the CIA
o But instead mounted campaign against the US army to prove there was
disloyalty…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

Fear= triggers by Sovviet possession of the atomic bomb and the
revelation that spies helped the Russians get it= essential backdrop for
his performance
o Korean War ended in Stalemate in 1953= Republican installed in the
white house and McCarthy's days were numbered
o Broader Red Scare of 1946 upwards= more widespread and more lasting
impact.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »