Nazi-Soviet Pact and Polish Invasion

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Michael, Andrea, Millie Nazi­Soviet pact and Invasion of
Poland
NAZI SOVIET PACT
Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union and also
known as the Ribbentrop­Molotov Pact
1930s Joseph Stalin became increasingly concerned that the Soviet Union would be invaded
by Germany.
Stalin believed the best way to of dealing with Germany was to form an anti-fascist alliance
with countries in the west.
Stalin argued that even Adolf Hitler would not start a war against a united Europe.
Neville Chamberlain, the British prime minister, was not enthusiastic about forming an alliance
with the Soviet Union. He wrote to a friend: "I must confess to the most profound distrust of
Russia. I have no belief whatever in her ability to maintain an effective offensive, even if she
wanted to. And I distrust her motives, which seem to me to have little connection with our
ideas of liberty, and to be concerned only with getting everyone else by the ears."
Winston Churchill, an outspoken critic of British foreign policy, agreed with Joseph Stalin:
"There is no means of maintaining an eastern front against Nazi aggression without the active
aid of Russia. Russian interests are deeply concerned in preventing Herr Hitler's designs on
eastern Europe. It should still be possible to range all the States and peoples from the Baltic to
the Black sea in one solid front against a new outrage of invasion. Such a front, if established
in good heart, and with resolute and efficient military arrangements, combined with the
strength of the Western Powers, may yet confront Hitler, Goering, Himmler, Ribbentrop,
Goebbels and co. with forces the German people would be reluctant to challenge."
Stalin's own interpretation of Britain's rejection of his plan for an antifascist alliance, was that
they were involved in a plot with Germany against the Soviet Union. This belief was reinforced
when Neville Chamberlain met with Adolf Hitler at Munich in September, 1938, and gave into
his demands for the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia. Joseph Stalin now believed that the main
objective of British foreign policy was to encourage Germany to head east rather than west.
Hitler was convinced Britain and France wouldn't risk war over Poland, it was the USSR he
was concerned about.
Russia was worried about the threat of Hitler since 1933. He openly said he wanted
Russian land and wanted to defeat communism.
Stalin joined the League of Nations in 1934 to try and secure security but he saw it's lack
of power in Abyssinia.
Stalin asked Britain and France if they would form an alliance with him against Germany
but Chamberlain was reluctant to commit Britain and France backed up this decision ­
continued negotiations through spring and summer of 1939.
At the same time Stalin received visits from Ribbentrop (Nazi foreign minister) they
discussed a very different deal.
had been negotiations between Russia, France and Britain in April 1939, but both sides
"deeply mistrusted each other". Britain was against Stalin's demand that Russia should
have the right to militarily intervene in the small states on its western borders if they were
threatened by the Nazis, as they thought Russian would use the excuse of Nazi aggression
to seize the states for herself.
Therefore, Russia had a lot of time to consider a pact with Germany.
Germany was interested in this negotiation after the decision was made to invade Poland in
May 1939.
Moscow kept both options open through August 1939, but the military discussions between
France and Britain were slow, so Stalin believed that a military agreement with the Nazis
would be preferable.
The pact committed both powers to benevolent neutrality towards each other, but it also
outlined the German and Russian spheres of interest in eastern Europe: the Baltic States
and Bessarabia in Romania both fell into the Russian sphere, while Poland would be divided
in two.
The pact was signed on 22nd August 1939.
How important was the Nazi Soviet Pact?
After Czechoslovakia, it was obvious that Poland would be next. Germany had some
obvious claims on Polish territory, such as the Polish Corridor which had been taken from

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Michael, Andrea, Millie Nazi­Soviet pact and Invasion of
Poland
Germany in the Treaty of Versailles.
Despite this, Poland enjoyed a friendly relationship with Hitler's Germany until 1939. This
was because the Polish government sympathised with the Nazi's authoritarian and
anti-semitic policies. At first Poland found it hard to take Hitler's demands and increasing
threats towards them seriously, thinking their best hope of survival was to avoid making
commitments to either of their two powerful neighbours, Germany and the Soviet Union.…read more

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Michael, Andrea, Millie Nazi­Soviet pact and Invasion of
Poland
Germans were unhappy about the land given to Poland by the Treaty of Versailles,
Hitler pretended that he just wanted to get back 'Polish corridor' which split Germany in
two.
In May 1939 he told the German Generals. that he wanted to conquer all of Poland: To
gain lebensraum from the 'inferior' Poles.To strengthen Germany further for the war
against USSR. NaziSoviet Pact August 1939.
· To make sure that Britain and France.…read more

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Michael, Andrea, Millie Nazi­Soviet pact and Invasion of
Poland
27: The Siege of Warsaw comes to an end as Polish forces surrender. German forces
enter the city on October 1, 1939.
28: Polish government in exile set up in Paris with Raczkiewicz and Wladyslaw
Sikorski as Commander-in-Chief.
OCTOBER
1: The Hel Peninsula garrison surrenders to German forces.
2: The Battle of Kock begins with a German advance.
5: German victory parade is held in Warsaw.…read more

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