The rebellions of the Tudor period had many factors: there is not one factor alone that contributes to the entire nature of each rebellion. However, it can be said that some factors played a more vital role behind fuelling each rebellion, whether that be religious, political, economic, social or cultural.
PILGRIMAGE OF GRACE, 1536
- Robert Aske himself said that 'the greatest cause of this rebellion was the dissolution of the monasteries' in 1536.
- The rebels wanted to see an end put to the draining of the Churches wealth and the rejection of the Act of Supremacy and Treason Act.
- They resented the destruction of holy days.
- The North felt it was under attack from Cromwell's policies, such as the Treason Act and Royal Supremacy.
- The Nobility particularly resented the position of Cromwell in Court.
- Supporters of Catherine of Aragon felt the only way to increase her influences was to use the 'may headed monster', as Court was dominated by supporters of Cromwell.
- Lack of papal power.
- The rebels resented the introduction of the Statute of Uses, which was a tax on inheritance.
- In 1535 and 36 there had been poor harvests.
- They were angered by agrarian issues such as rack-renting, enclosures and tenancies.
- The closure of the monasteries generally changed people's way of life in the North in a negative way. They had previously provided shelter, clothes and food for those who were in need.
'Interaction and fusion of several grievances' - C.S.L Davies
WESTERN REBELLION, 1549
- This was undoubtedly a religiously motivated revolt.
- The rebels wanted to see the introduction of the six articles and mass.
- They were against iconoclastic attacks against Catholic images, as demonstrated by the murder of William Body, a government agent who was sent to Cornwall to monitor their destruction.
- They were against the passing of the Act of Uniformity and the introduction of the Protestant Prayer Book.
- In 1548 Glasney College, one of the most important chantry churches in Cornwall was destroyed.
- The rebels protested against the Act of Uniformity at Bodmin.
- Cornwall wanted to be treated as a…