Theories of Education - Functionalist View - Durkheim



  • Education has 2 roles/functions:

  • 1) Creating social solidarity - a sense of belonging. Achieved through teaching shared norms & values e.g. history- teaches shared heritage. This creates value consensus (agreement on behaviour) & avoids anomie (normlessness) School= ‘mini society’ to prepare for work e.g. we learn to have instrumental relationships (based on mutual self-interest) rather than affectiverelationships (based on love, like in the family) through group work tasks, etc.

  • A03 - However, Marxists argue that schools only transmit ruling class ideology,


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