Sociology

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How does Functionalists view society?
View it as an organic analogy suggesting that if one part of society breaks down- it all breaks down.
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What are the 3 views of role of education from a Functionalists perspective?
Education is a form of socialisation, education acts as a bridge between home and society and education is meritocratic.
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What was Durkheims view of education (role)?
He believed the role of education was socialisation.
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Durkheims view of education
Offered the view that education is essential to society because it helps build social cohesion.
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Criticism of Durkheims view
Stephen Gorard said that modern schools are too concerned with individual exam results and competition to be concerned with social solidarity. Evidenced by: league tables reflecting individualistic, competitive approach.
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What did Talcott Parsons believe about education (role)?
He believed that education acted as a bridge between home and society. (experience of childs life and wider world)
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What did Talcott Parsons believe about values?
Claimed that families socialise us into values (particularistic values) and schools operate according to values of wider society (Universalistic values)
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What is an example of a value taught at school?
Achievement, children achieve status in school through their hard work and talent, thus being encouraged to work hard.
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What is a criticism of the children in school?
Come children do not conform to the expectations of the school (Mac an Ghaill suggested anti learning laddish attitudes adopted by boys and girls are a result of pressure of examinations.
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Social success Vs Academic success- difference?
Not associated with eachother- geek or nerd associated with academic success with social eptitude- cannot be both, either clever or popular.
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What did Davis and Moore (1967) claim about the education system?
They claimed that the education helps allocate people to the appropriate job role an career roles. Sifts and sorts children to take roles by identifying the most talented people.
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What is the main idea of role allocation?
Requires inequalities for an educational outcome fro children- best examination results are able to enter higher paying jobs.
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What is a criticism of role allocation? Give example
There is not a consistent link between academic qualifications and earnings. Girls gain better grades in school but around the age of 30, boys earn more.
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What is another criticism of ability within schools?
Ability is not an easy measurable characteristic- proving a link between intelligence and earning levels is difficult.
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What is one strength of Functionalism in terms of formation?
Explains how it is formed, points to links between and within social institutions in society..
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What is one strength of Functionalism in terms of socialising?
Emphasises importance of socialisation within a school setting.
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What is one strength of Functionalism in terms of New Right?
Influences New Right thinking and research
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What is a weakness of Functionalists views of education?
It justifies inequalities with reasons and there is little supporting evidence.
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What is a weakness of Functionalists views of values?
The theory suggests that people all share the same norms and values HOWEVER that is not the case.
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What is a weakness of Functionalists views inequalities?
Ignores structural inequalities such as racism, sexism, social class. Not good at explaining
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What are the 3 views of role of education from a Functionalists perspective?

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Education is a form of socialisation, education acts as a bridge between home and society and education is meritocratic.

Card 3

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What was Durkheims view of education (role)?

Back

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Card 4

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Durkheims view of education

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Card 5

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Criticism of Durkheims view

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