Education

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What is the functionalist theory?
Functionalists are a consensus theory and believe that everything in society works together as a harmonious system. All social institutions have a vital role to play in maintaining society, education is no exception.
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What is the marxist theory?
They are a conflict theory that reject view of the functionalists in saying education benefits everyone equally. Marxists believe the whole of society is organised to ensure capitalism continues and the rich stay rich and the poor stay poor.
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Marxists think education is unfair and not meritocratic. True or False?
TRUE
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What are the four functions of education (Inc theorists)?
DURKHEIM- Social solidarity: Feeling of unity and belonging. Specialised skills: The skills needed to perform specific jobs PARSONS:Secondary socialisation:Learning Norms and Values. Role Allocation:Sifting and sorting based on ability and talents
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Correspondence principle is?
A theory that posits a close relationship between social standing and the educational system.
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Bowles and Gintis say?
There is a correspondence between home and school where children are trained to be obedient workers for the bourgeoisie by being taught to arrive on time, work hard and work for a reward in the future rather than the satisfaction of working.
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What does the New right believe?
to instil drive, initiative and enterprise. The New Right believe this will come from competition between schools and colleges, motivating teachers to improve standards and providing parents and students with a choice of schools and colleges.
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One criticism on the functionalist theory
-Does education really create social solidarity or does it divide people? Is education meritocratic?
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What is meritocrcy?
a social system that gives the greatest power and highest social positions to people with the most ability
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One marxist sociologist
Bowles and Gintis
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What's their theory? (from card 10)
Correspondence principle
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Criticisms of the marxist view
-There is no evidence that the marxist solution of communism would be effective -They ignore any positive effects of education
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What is material deprivation?
Lacking appropriate living conditions, resources, diet and healthcare in their home lives to be able to be successful in school.
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What is cultural deprivation?
Working class may lack skills and attitudes required for success in education, fatalism is present. They may also lack parental encouragement.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the marxist theory?

Back

They are a conflict theory that reject view of the functionalists in saying education benefits everyone equally. Marxists believe the whole of society is organised to ensure capitalism continues and the rich stay rich and the poor stay poor.

Card 3

Front

Marxists think education is unfair and not meritocratic. True or False?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the four functions of education (Inc theorists)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Correspondence principle is?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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