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Germany goes to war 1914- the war began as a conflict between Germany and the central powers
fought Britain, France and Russia and their partners known as the Allies.

At first there was a great enthusiasm for the war. Men flocked to join the army, they had been told it…

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The sparticists tried to seize power on 5th January 1919, they occupied public buildings, organised a
general strike and formed a revolutionary committee. Groups of them roamed the streets, firing
guns and putting up red flags, the symbol of communism.

But the sparticists were doomed to failure, just the day…

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The rest of the treaty was designed to weaken Germany so that it would never be able to fight
another war


A storm of protest greeted the treaty. Mass demonstrations took place against it. Places of
amusement closed down and a period of national mourning began.…

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This was a year of deep crisis. The german economy collapsed. This caused chaos throughout
Germany. For example, in the Rhineland, several groups tried to break away from the government to
form their over independent states.

The TOV ordered Germany to pay reparations to the Allies. In 1922, they announced…

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In return for a promise to not break any laws. The authorities gave him permission to re-found the
banned nazi party. By February the Nazi party was up and running again.

With Germany nearing collapse, a new government was set up to overcome the crisis. First it called
off the…

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The solution to this problem lay in Article 48 of the constitution. This allowed the president, in an
emergency, to make laws without consulting the Reichstag. This was known are Government by

The president of the time, Von Hindenburg, asked the leader of the Centre Party, Bruning, to form…

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to stop it. And no government can exist without an armys support. Paper resigned. Schleicher himself
became chancellor.

He lasted 2 months, the Reichstag would not agree to his decisions. So like Bruning, he asked VH to
make laws for him by decree. VH was suspicious. VH refused and asked…

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Lastly the parties were brought into line. On 10 may Naxis occupied the offices of the social
democratic party, destroyed its newspapers and confiscated its funds. Two weeks later they did the
same to the communist party and all other parties. One by one their offices were closed down and…

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pocket money rather than wages. And did military drill as well as work. In 1935, a Reich Labour S Law
said that all men aged 18-25 must spend six months in the Labour Service. With hundreds of
thousands of young Germans entering work camps, the jobless figures dropped sharply.


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camps. Nearly 200 synagogues were burnt down. On the 12 Nov 1938 the Jews were ordered to
pay a fine of one billion marks to the government.

Why was racism so widespread in Nazi Germany?

Between 1933 and 1945 hitler made no fewer than 45 decrees and laws against the…


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