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Russia before the revolution
Why was Russia so difficult to rule in the 1900's?
Russia was a very vast country and had poor communications. The reasons why Russia was so difficult
to rule could be spilt up into 4 reasons.
1. Vast country
6,500 kilometres wide ­ 100 times bigger than Britain. It could take a whole week to a make a
journey from Moscow to the Far East.
2. Communication
Travelling was very difficult. Long distances and poor road made communications slow and poor.…read more

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Why was there a revolution break out in 1905?
The Russian pyramid of
Society in 1905
Royal tsar
Tsar was an autocrat
(A ruler who has
Total control).
This meant Tsar
powerful he
could make
laws as he wished. Tsar ruled without any parliament and political parties were banned. Tsar
generated advice from a committee of ministers chosen from nobles by him.
Newspapers and books were censored and opposition was dealt with severely by the okhrana
(secret police).…read more

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Russia under the tsars
Tsar Nicholas II was the head of Romanov dynasty which had ruled for 300 years. He was an autocrat
(an absolute leader). The autocratic system needed for a charismatic and forceful leader; however
Nicholas was perceived as weak. He'd rather spend time with his German wife and five kids his only
son had haemophilia and wasn't expected to reach adulthood.
Good attributes
1. He was a kind and
devoted family man.
2.…read more

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Q1) what problems were faced by
A the peasants
B industrial workers
in Russia in about the 1900?
A1a) Problems faced by the peasants were that they were isolated; they had heavy debt
because in 1861 when they were freed they were given small land which they had to pay
back. Many peasants could not read or write. Disease was very common amongst peasants
and in the years of the bad harvest many died of starvation in 1900.…read more

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Opposition to tsar
Until the 1905 revolution opposition was banned this made it difficult to voice your opinions.
Therefore it resulted in terrorist activities.…read more

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Karl Marx's Profile
Name: Karl Marx
Born: 1818
Died: 1883
Nationality: German
Religion: Jew
Other: Karl Marx had spent majority of his life in exile because of his
political beliefs.
He analysed society and the political systems in Europe.
1. Karl Marx saw history as a struggle between people with and without power between
classes in society.
2. Marx described Europeans as living in a capitalist society where power belonged to
factories and traders.…read more

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Causes of the 1905 Revolution
There are both long term and short term causes for why there was a revolution in 1905. Peasants
became increasingly discontent because of poor harvest during 1900- 1902. The war with Japan
which Russia had lost and Bloody Sunday, Father Gapon led 200,000 workers to Tsars Winter Palace
in St Petersburg
Facts of the Russo Japanese War
In 1904 Russia went to war with Japan, believing that a quick victory would distract them from
domestic tensions in Russia.…read more

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The 1905 Revolution
The events of bloody Sunday angered the Russians and protests began across Russia. Strikes and
riots spread across Russia and by the end of January 400,000 workers were on strike. In some cities,
the elected, soviets, councils to take over affairs. In February tsar uncle Seger Aldonskivch was
assassinated in Moscow. In June 1905 the Potemkin battleship soldiers had mutinied over the terrible
working conditions and therefore began to protest.…read more


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