two importnat questions:
- is there a core self above concious exeriences
- is identity socailly created
is there a core self
is identity more than just a bundle of concious experiences
- 18th century philoshipher
- in + to concious experiences there is a essemntial self that is the agent
- the self experiences expereinces and then acts on them
this percpective is known as ego theory
idea that there is some essnce beyond our concious experiences - something more than just a bundle of concious experiences - that something is the self
- there is nothing beyond concious exoerince
- each time we contmeplate our thoughts, feelings ect. that is simply just another vconcious experience
- bundle theory - we are simply the result of our concious experinces 'bundle of mental experiences'
- but then why is thought continous across different experinces
- maybe cause we have a core self
- of maybe not......
- willima james (1890)
- thought is 'senisbly concious'
- we have a 'stream of thought - carrying us through conciousnss and subjective life
- we think about oursleves as a s eperte me being inside us - we feell like we are more than this
- we construct or world - with some 'self' at the core
- we have stream of concious though - but a web of narratives or representations of self that that tie them togther
- it is our narrtiaves or represnetations that make us think there is a 'self' inside us whenin relaity there isnt
- "our tales are spun, but for the most part wedont spin them, they spin us" (Dennett, 1991, p.418, cited in blackmomre 2010, p.8)
- basicallly there are core values (narratives of self) and our behviour should be consistent
idenity is socially constructed
a collection of approaches concerned with the ways in which sense of self is scoially based
- Cooley( 1902/22)
- idenitity is intrinsically linked to sociiety
- Mead (1934) developed this
- our sense of m is actually (At eleast party) dependant on how experince other peoples conceptions pof us when we engage in social interaction
- snese of self = malleable - ccan change as interactions change
- sense of self = social - depends on interactions
support and research
- shrauger and schoeneman (79)
- people dont se themselevs as others actually saw them
- but howthey think other poelpe saw them
- we percieve poeple as thinking u=of us in a certain way and this informs our 'self'
Kuhn and mcpartland (1954)
- 2878 undergraduates
- asked to write answers to the queastion 'whio am i?'
- people tended to write more direclty socially anchored statemnets
- consnual statemtents = e..groups or classes they belong too
but if idenitty is so mallebale why to we have a sense of contuinutity?```
- diffeniates betwene continousn "core" and peripherale "sub- indenties"
- bundle theory contradicts sense of self (a western sense)
- but this does not mean it is not true, just hilights how our common snese works
- Ego theory = more consistenant with common snese views
- but no clear specific specification fo…