Edexcel Religion and Community Cohesion detailed notes

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  • Created by: Humz
  • Created on: 11-04-13 23:41

Community Cohesion

A common vision and shared sense of belonging for all groups in society

Discrimination

Treating people less favourably because of their ethnicity/gender/colour/sexuality/age /class

Ethnic minority

A member of an ethnic group (race) which is smaller than the majority group

Interfaith Marriages

Marriage where the husband and wife are from different religions

Multi-ethnic society

Many different races and cultures living together in one society

Multi-faith society

Many different religions living together in one society

Prejudice

Believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them

Racial Harmony

Different races/colours living together happily

Racism

The belief that some races are superior to others

Religious Freedom

The right to practise your religion and change your religion

Religious Pluralism

Accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist

Sexism

Discriminating against people because of their gender (being male or female)

Changing roles of men and women in the UK

Old days

Attitudes towards the role of men and women have changed.

In the past sexism seemed common sense because it fitted in with biology.

Men were physically stronger than women so therefore they should provide for the family

since women were bale to have babies they were seen as the home-makers

it was understood that men would be paid more than women as they're money was needed for the whole family

many people thought that female employers were unreliable because they were likely to get pregnant and leave their jobs a t inconvenient times.

What's changed?

  • In 1960s the contraceptive pill became available for women

  • the equal pay act of the 1970s was the first of several laws giving a woman the right to the same pay and benefits as a man doing the same job

  • in 1975, the sex discrimination act made it illegal to discriminate against a person based on their gender or martial status. The equal opportunities commission was set up the same year.

  • The 1996 employment rights act made it unfair to dismiss a woman for being pregnant or taking maternity leave

Many women now combine a career with family life.

Different Christian attitudes to equal rights for women in religion

Christians are divided over the issue of the rights of women within the church.

  • Roman Catholic church only has male priest but, in 1994 the church of England ordained its first women priests amid huge controversy.

  • In 2008 the arguments about allowing women to rise through the ranks of the church to become bishops was just as fierce.

Arguments about the role of women and men in the church

For

  • Genesis 1:27 states that god created men and women at the same time, it does not say one is

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