RS Edexcel GCSE Christianity Religion and Life notes

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Believing in God
Key words
Agnosticism not being sure whether God exists
Atheism believing that God does not exist
Conversion when your life is changed by giving yourself to God
Free will the idea that human beings are free to make their own choices
Miracle something which seems to break a law of science and makes you
think only God could have done it
Moral evil actions done by humans which cause suffering
Natural evil things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans
Numinous the feeling of the presence of something greater than you
Omnibenevolen the belief that God is allgood
Omnipotent the belief that God is allpowerful
Omniscient the belief that God knows everything that has happened and
everything that is going to happen
Prayer an attempt to contact God, usually through words
Key passages
Religious upbringing
`Will you provide for your child a Christian home of love and faithfulness? Parents: With
God's help we will' Baptismal vows
Religious Experience
Jesus' miracles (think about Mark)
Jesus' resurrection as the greatest miracle of all
Vision of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes
Modern day miracles
St Paul's conversion on the road to Damascus
Scientific explanations
(Scientific) `discoveries invite us to even greater admiration for the greatness of the
Creator' Catechism
Responses to evil and suffering
Adam and Eve ­ Genesis 2
Free will from God
Faith in action (eg. charity) like Jesus (Parable of the sheep and the goats Matthew
Design (Teleological argument)
William Paley's analogy of the watch: the complexity of the world and its features.
Design: `The idea that things with a function or purpose must have been created for
that purpose.'
Causation (Cosmological argument)

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St Thomas Aquinas and the first cause `something that is unchanging... this is God!'
Causation: `The argument that everything must have been started off (caused) by
something else.' St Thomas Aquinas
The main features of a Christian upbringing and how it may lead to belief in
God.…read more

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This designer could only
be God leading to belief in God.
The world is so interdependent Why does the "Being" have to be
that someone must have designed God?
it. For example we rely on plants
which rely on bees. Therefore
someone must have designed it
and God was the only thing
powerful enough to design it
Everything is so perfectly made for Some things don't appear to be
its purpose e.g.…read more

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God caused the big bang science equals how religion equals why
Roman Catholics believe (Scientific) `discoveries invite us to even greater
admiration for the greatness of the Creator'
Why unanswered prayers may lead some people not to believe in God.
How Christians respond to the problem of unanswered prayers.…read more

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Evil and suffering exist. Christians believe that evil is not a
5. Therefore, God cannot exist. result of God, but of choices
humanity makes. For God to
intervene and stop evil it would
mean taking away our free will and
imposing his will.
How two television and/or radio programmes and/or films about religion may
affect a person's attitude to belief in God?
Media's affect on peoples belief in God
The Big Question was a television documentary series produced by the
Discovery Channel.…read more

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This programme generated dozens of complaints. Many people felt the BBC
should not be using a television programme targeted at children and young
people to allow Dawkins to put his antireligious beliefs across as fact.
People watching this programme felt that the mixture of an Oxford
University scientist, the reputation of the BBC for accuracy and the
respected name of the Royal Institute may lead children to believe Dawkins'
theories were proven fact, and so not believe in God.…read more

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Matters of life and death
Key words
Abortion the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can
Assisted suicide providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit
Euthanasia the painless killing of someone dying from a painful
Immortality of the soul the idea that the soul lives on after the death of the
Neardeath experience when someone about to die has an out of body
Nonvoluntary ending someone's life painlessly when they are unable to
euthanasia…read more

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The Bible also says, `The Lord God formed man and breathed life into him.' Genesis
`Humans are made like God, so whoever sheds the blood of a man, by man will his blood
be shed.' Genesis 9:6
`You created every part of me, you knit me together in my mother's womb.' Psalm 139:13
(also Jeremiah 1:5)
`Do not commit murder.' Exodus 20:13
`Don't you know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit, who lives in you.…read more

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In the Nicene creed it They believe they will be Catholics believe in
says that `Jesus is judged by God after both the resurrection
seated at the right hand they die and so they try of the body and the
of the father and will to live inside the immortality of the
come again to judge the guidelines given by the soul which both like
living and the dead' Bible and church and unlike evangelical
therefore the Churches and other
teach that there is life…read more

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They may have experienced a neardeath experience whereby they have
come out of their body and may have seen a bright light or be spoken to by
deceased relatives or friends
Telekinetic experiences may also lead someone to believe in life after death
Why some people do not believe in life after death.
Why some people do not believe in life after death
Hard concept to fathom
No scientific evidence
Death is the end of life
So many different ideas as to what happens.…read more


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