Edexcel Religious Studies Unit 11: Islam

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Preview of Edexcel Religious Studies Unit 11: Islam

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GCSE Edexcel Religious Studies Unit 11
SECTION 1:Beliefs and Values
Key terms involved in this section:
al-Qadar, ibadah, khalifah, risalah, creativity, iman, Muslim, shirk, din, Islam, Qur'an, tawhid
Tawhid
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?
It is taught in the Quran
It makes Muslim make sense out of life ­ give purpose and direction
Make Allah the focal point of life
Following the example of the Prophet (SAW)
HOW DO MUSLIMS SHOW THIS?
No-one is worth worshipping except Allah
All living creatures must be treated with respect ­ all life comes from Allah
Muslim community should be one
Keep Allah in the centre of everything ­ being true to din
Shirk
WHY IS SHIRK A MAJOR SIN?
Contradicts Tawhid which is the most basic principle of Islam
Breaks the commitment made when the Shahadah is recited
Islam is a pure and true religion ­ Shirks takes this away
Nothing must get in the way of Allah being the first and most important being in a Muslim's life.
Creativity of Allah
WHY IS THIS BELIEF SO IMPORTANT?
Everything is under the control of Allah ­ Allah determines all that happens in the Universe, not human beings.
All life belongs to Allah, he is the source of all life which is very precious and given to humans as a gift ­ therefore we
must treat it with care
Human knowledge is limited and can never understand the wishes of Allah.
It enables Muslims to recognise the order and beauty of life from Allah.
Mercy and Compassion of Allah
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?
Allah forgives his servants
Allah loves his servants
Allah supports his servants
Allah cares for his servants
WHY IS THIS BELIEF IMPORTANT?
Without this Muslims would feel hopeless, if they were dealt as they deserve then Allah is merciful when they
sincerely repent.
Allah will judge everyone according to their actions. If Allah was not these qualities then no-one would survive his
judgement ­ this give Muslims the courage that living a good life is worth it.
It strengthens the love of Allah and devotion to him. v
Allah won't always be gently with them but deal with them fairly and never lead them astray
Khalifah
WHAT DOES THIS BELIEF INCLUDE?
The world belongs to Allah
Allah give people responsibility for taking care of the world for His pleasure
They have a duty to look after it and make sure it is used properly
They must give an account of what they did in Allah's world
JAWWAD MUSTAFA ­ 2012 - GCSE - EDEXCEL: ISLAM (UNIT 11) ­ REVISION NOTES

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WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT TO MUSLIMS?
It helps make the relationship between Allah and his servants clear that Allah is the master of the universe and
humans are second to him.…read more

Page 3

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The message may have been changed but they till have `part' of the truth.…read more

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SECTION 2: Community and Tradition
Key terms involved in this section:
Authority, Masjid, Sunnah, bismillah, Qadi, Sunni, hadith, Shariah, ulama imam, Shiah, Ummah
Seal of Prophethood
WHY IS MUHAMMAD SO IMPORTANT?
The Prophet Muhammad had set an example of:
how to live the Muslim life
how to be a faithful servant of Allah
how to keep on the straight path of Islam
WHY THIS BELIEF IS IMPORTANT ­ HOW IS MUHAMMAD (SAW) DIFFERENT TO THE OTHER PROPHETS?
He completed the message of Allah
He is…read more

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The Quran is the first and most important book of guidance for Muslims. It
contains all the basic principles. 5
But as the Muslim community grew, new guidance was needed for new situations
For this guidance, the early Muslim community looked to the Sunnah and
especially the recorded sayings of the Prophet - these were used to help interpret
the Quran
Gradually, this guidance was gathered together in books of laws, which form the
basis of the Shariah.…read more

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The Imam will teach the children from an early age to learn to recite portions of the Quran to understand its teaching
and the basics of Islam
He leads prayers at weddings and funerals
The Imam gives advice and counselling to Muslims in this generation
The Imam visits those that are sick or in prison
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE IMAM
Prayer is important and leading the prayers is the key role of the Imam
The imam ensures that children learn about Islam
The imam helps…read more

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Sunni Deobandi Consider the Prophet as an ordinary Emphasis of removing anything
man considered as innovation
Shi'ah Ithnashari Believe in the leadership of the twelve Follow the guidance of jurists called
imams or infallible spiritual guides after Ayatollahs in daily life
the Holy Prophet
Ismaili Follow Aga Khan as a spiritual leader Worship in Jamat Khana and not a
mosque.…read more

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WHY DO MUSLIMS OBEY ALLAH'S COMMANDS
It is commanded in the Quran
They must remember Allah throughout the day and prayer helps them do this
It makes them feel closer to Allah
It unites them with other Muslims
It reconfirms their faith
MUSLIMS OBSERVE RULES OF PRAYER:
Perform Wudu
Pray five times a day at set times
Face Makkah
Performing certain actions ­ standing, bowing, prostrating and sitting. This must be repeated in a certain order and a
certain number of times.…read more

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It is a special time to give thanks for the Quran ­ the month in which it was revealed
Fasting is not just a physical experience but a total commitment of a person's body and soul as it is seen as a method
of self-control.…read more

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Following in the footsteps of Muhammad
Makkah is the holiest for Muslims
Obeying Allah is the central focus of a Muslim's life
WHY IS ARAFAT SIGNIFICANT FOR MUSLIMS?
On the second day of the pilgrimage, the pilgrims leave Mina just after dawn to travel to the Plain of Arafat for the culminating experience of
the Hajj.…read more

Comments

Saba

this is AWESOME! Thank you....great last minute revision

Sana


 

Yes, thank you very much. 

sana kaddo

OMMAAGOUSH This is soo cool!!

Im so getting an A* inshallah

Ive got to make dua though

And like as Allah to help me through year 11 cause its sooo STRESSFUL!!

Hamuun.

RE YAAAAS.

farahrulz786

OOHHHMMYYGOOOOSSSHHHH! THANK YOU SOOO MUCH! I have a test tomorrow and I really needed this.

Sammy 1234

I got RE test on worship and celebration in Islam can you tell me the answear

Sammy 1234

I don't know want to revise on worship and celebration in islam 

Maryam.S15

thanks 

Sammi123

can you tell me the answer to worship and celebration in islam Maryam. 

Sammi123

help me on worship and celebration in islam I have got a RE test on Monday someone help me out. Thank you

Sammi123

Help ME  OUT 

EllieHague

love this, so helpful thanks Jaward oxox

Noodle123

thanks, even a few years later this proves to be really helpful. :)

Naziauddin

HELPFUL!!! THANK UU

Tayyaba sheikh

thnks I'm having exam tomorrow and glad to have dese short notes

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