Memory - STM AND LTM

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  • Created by: Liam
  • Created on: 10-05-13 14:26

STM and LTM differ in terms of :  

Duration - How long a memory lasts.

Capacity - How much can be held in the memory.

Encoding - Transferring information into code, creating s 'trace'.

The Short term memory has a limited capacity and a limited duration, whereas the Long tem memory has an unlimited capacity and is theoretically permanent.

Research:

Peterson and Pterson(1959) - duration of STM:

Method - Participants were shown nonsense trigrams and asked to recall them after either 3,6,9,12,15 or 18 seconds. During the pause, they were asked to count backwards in threes from a given number…

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