Baddeley 1996. Encoding in STM and LTM

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  • Baddeley 1996. The effects of encoding on STM & LTM
    • Procedure
      • Participants put into 4 groups and participants had to put words back in the same order given. For the LTM they had a 20 minute distraction
    • Findings
      • LTM semantically similar 85% recall
      • STM acoustically dissimilar 55% recall
    • Conclusion
      • STM relies on the sounds of words more than the meaning
      • LTM relies on the meaning more than the sound
    • Criticisms
      • Highly influencial
      • May not repesent the complexity of memory - artificial


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