1 - A branch of linguistic study developed in the first decade of the 20th century
2 - A branch of continental philosophy and critical theory gained traction from 1960's-90's
SAUSSURE AND SEMIOLOGY
> semiology = science of signs and systems
DIACHRONIC 'Across time'
The study of language development, etymology and change over history. E.g, 'villein' meaning 'farmhand/unchivalrous' c.1400. Developed into 'villain' meaning 'antagonist/criminal' c.1800.
Refers to the study of language at a particular moment with no interest in how language came about
LANGUE = Language
Overarching system of rules, standardised language
PAROLE = Speaking