Lexical semantics and strategies of meaning.
'A named area of meaning which lexemes interrelate and define eachother in specific ways. (p.157) David Crystal encyclopedia of english language.
Some words fit into a number of categories, e.g, orange - fruit & colour.
Appears simple but infact has implications.
synonyms and antonyms
Synonym ( Greek meaning = same and name) think of them as similar but never quite the same.
1) Dialect difference e.g lift/elevator
2) stylistic differences (depends on formality)
3) difference of emotional feeling (what phrases have come to mean)
Anrtonym - opposites. Responsible for establishing for binary oppositions, e.g, hot/cold.
Hyponymy = what happens when you explain what things are. Ordering and subordinating things on a basis of knowledge
Polysemy = 2 words with the same form and related meanings - can be defined as 1…