Six Main Types of Fats and Oils
- Butter is made from churning cream
- Margarine is made from vegetable oils blended with other substances (modified stach, water, emulsifiers etc.
- Lard is made from pig fat
- Suet is made from the fat which protects animals' vital organs.
- Oils come from pressed seeds (e.g. **** seed, sunflower seed)
- Low-fat spreads are emulsions of vegetable oils (usually hydrogenated) and water
Uses in Pastries and Biscuits
- Adding flavour - butter in shortbread and pastry makes them taste fantastic.
- Shortening - rubbing fat into flour helps prevent gluten from being produced and makes pastry and biscuits "short".
- Adding colour - butter in pastry makes it golden yellow.
Uses in other products
- Cooking - deep frying (e.g. fish and chips) and shallow frying (e.g. eggs).
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