Citizenship - Definitions of Courts and Laws

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  • Created by: Kez
  • Created on: 15-05-12 17:07

Criminal and Civil law

Criminal law:

·         Covers actions that are regarded as crimes against society as a whole, such as theft, murder, speeding and damage to property.

·         If someone is accused of committing a crime, the police will arrest and charge them and they will be put on trial.

Civil law:

·         Covers disputes between people and is usually about rights. For example, consumer rights, issues with marriage and divorce, accidents at work and contracts.

·         Civil cases usually involve disputes about ‘damage done to the person’.

·         This person is called the plaintiff and will bring a case against another person, called the defendant.



·         Gives advice about the law and will represent you if you


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