OCR Citizenship Section 1- Unit 2

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  • Created by: MC2
  • Created on: 07-03-18 10:54

Unit 2- the law

Section 1

- Unit 2: The Law

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What are rules and Laws

Rules

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Laws

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Fairness

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Justice

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Why do we have laws?

Protection of safety 

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Protecting rights, and promoting freedoms and equalities

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Settling disagreements

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Legal Principles

The Presumption of innocence (innocent until proven guilty)

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Equality before the Law

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How effective are our laws?

Anti-terror Act

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Crime and Security Act

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Criminal Law 1

Definition:

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Criminal Offences :

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Go To A Magistrates Or Crown Court 

- Murder                     - Drink Driving 

- Theft (Stealing)        - Robbery / Burglary

- Fraud 

 

Investigating crime:

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Criminal Law 2

Who pays:

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What happens to the:

-Victim:

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-Defendent:

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Civil Law 1

Definition:

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Go To A County Court 

- Phone Contract             - Child Maintenance 

- Neighbor Disputes        - Divorce 

- Shops Refusing To Accept Returns On Items Not

- Items not beign fit for purpose, as described or of satisfactory quality.

Who investigates:

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Civil Law 2

Who pays:

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What happens to the:

-Victim:

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-Defendent:

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Sources of Law

Common Law

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Parliamentary Legislation

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International/ European Law

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Case law/ judge made/ precedent

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Courts & the Crown Prosecution Service

Every criminal case goes to a... 

1. Magistrates Court (97% Of Cases Are Sorted Here)

Magistrates Are : Not Solicitors / Barristers, Not Legally Trained and Not Paid. 

They are usally a couple of men and a woman - 3 magistrates on the bench. 

2. A Case Would Then Go To A 

3. Crown Court (If the magistrate knows that the sentence would be more than 6 mounths)

Crown Cort Has A Judge And Jury (Of 12 People Off The Electoral Role)

The Judge Decides The Sentence Or The Fine. 

The Crown Prosicution Service or CPS Only Put A Case Forward If It Has A Chance Of Sucsess And Is Also In The Public Interest. 

4. Youth Courts - Young People Under The Age Of 18 Are Dealt With Here. 

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Legal representation

Why Use A Solicitor ?

- Good knowledge of the law.

- Expert.

- Know how to take the matter to court.

- They need to be registered.

- You can get compensation if they are wrong. 

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Legal Jurisdictions- Powers

England

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Wales

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Scotland

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Northern Ireland

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