Chronology: Key Events in The American Civil War, 1861–65
1860 November: Election of President Lincoln.
1861 February: The Confederacy established with Jefferson Davis as President.
1861 April: Confederates attack Fort Sumter – Civil War begins; the North implements the Anaconda Plan (1).
1861 July: First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run).
1862 March: Battle of Shiloh.
1862 Summer: McClellan’s Peninsula campaign (2).
1862 August: Second Manassas (Bull Run).
1862 September: Battle of Antietam; Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation (3).
1862 December: Battle of Fredericksburg.
1863 May: Battle of Chancellorsville.
1863 July: Battle of Gettysburg; fall of Vicksburg.
1863 November: Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address.