Verification & Validation

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  • Created by: Sadia
  • Created on: 25-11-12 10:32


Validation is an automatic computer check to ensure that the data entered is sensible and reasonable. It does not check the accuracy of data.

Validation type:

Check digit: the last one or two digits in a code are used to check the other digits are correct

Example: bar code readers in supermarkets use check digits

Format check: checks the data is in the right format

Example: a National Insurance number is in the form LL 99 99 99 L where L is any letter and 9 is any number

Length check: checks the data isn't too short or too long

Example: a password which needs to be six letters long

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Lookup table: looks up acceptable values in a table

Example: there are only seven possible days of the week

Presence check: checks that data has been entered into a field

Example:in most databases a key field cannot be left blank

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Verification is performed to ensure that the data entered exactly matches the original source.

There are two main methods of verification:

  1. Double entry - entering the data twice and comparing the two copies. This effectively doubles the workload, and as most people are paid by the hour, it costs more too.

  2. Proofreading data - this method involves someone checking the data entered against the original document. This is also time consuming and costly.

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