Unit 1 - Health and Social Care

HideShow resource information

Self Image

The mental picture we have of ourselves

Influence by

  • Personal Appearance
  • Media (Television)
  • Comparison with others
  • Comments from others
1 of 17

Self Esteem

How we like, respect and accept ourselves

Influenced by;

  • Attitude from parents/carers
  • Success/Lack at school or work
  • Comments from others


2 of 17

Expected Life Events

Things that are going to happen to you as you get older.

  • Starting/Leaving school
  • Moving out
  • Getting a job
  • Parenthood
  • Living with a partner
  • Marriage/Civil Ceremony
  • Retirement
3 of 17

Unexpected Life Events

Things that happen by surprise; you don't know they'll whether they'll happen or not.

  • Death (Partner)
  • Death (Family/Friends)
  • Accident/Injury
  • Ill health
  • Unemployment
  • Imprisonment
  • Promotion
  • Exclusion/Dropping out of education
4 of 17

Economic factors - Influences of life

Economic Factors;

  • Employment Status
  • Income
  • Wealth
  • Occupation

Work =

  • Contentment
  • Worth
  • Raises self esteem


  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Lowered self esteem
5 of 17

Physical factors - Influences of Life

Physical factors;

  • Housing conditions
  • Type of house
  • Level of pollution
  • Rural/Urban area


  • Noisy
  • More health risks
  • Crime is higher
  • More air and noise pollution
    • Increases illnesses such as asthma


  • More freedom                         >Less jobs
  • Cheaper
6 of 17

Psychological Factors - Influences of Life

3 main types of relationships

  • Family members
  • Friendships
  • Partnerships
7 of 17

Infancy (0-2)

Keywords -

Gross Motor Skill - Being able to move/control the larger limbs of the body like your legs. E.g;

  • Crawling
  • Walking
  • Running

Fine Motor Skill - Being able to move/control the smaller limbs of the body like your fingers. E.g;

  • Holding a spoon
  • Tying shoelaces
  • Writing

Language Development - The process children go through when learning to communicate with others

Egocentric - To see the world only from your viewpoint/perspective

Bond - To form an attachment with a parent/carer

8 of 17

Early Childhood (3-8)

Social play - The stage where children play together, sharing their toys

Role models - Someone who people copy because they admire the persons behaviour/attitude

9 of 17

Adolescence (9-18)

Abstract thinking - The ability to think about something that might not exist

Peer group - The social group a person belongs to with influences behaviour

Oestrogen - A female hormone that controls the development of sexual characteristics and stimulates change in the reproductive system

Testosterone - A male hormone  that controls the develpoment of the male sexual characteristics

10 of 17

Early Adulthood (19-45)

Physical Peak - When someone is physically at there fittest

Menopause - The natural pernament stopping of menstration (periods) ususlly between the ages 45-55

11 of 17

Middle Adulthood (46-65)

Mid-life crisis - A dramatic period of self doubt caused by the passing of youth.

12 of 17

Late Adulthood (65+)

Dementia - An illness that affects the brain and memory, which makes you gradually loose that ability to think for yourself.

Skin Elasticity - Where the skin gets so stretched that it doesnt return to its natural form, causing wrinkles

13 of 17

Physical Factors (Genetic) - Born this way?


  • Skills and talents can be passed through genes
  • Intelligence, personality and sexuality can be passed through genes


  • Genetic conditions can be inherited, E.g; Down's Syndrome
14 of 17

Physical Factors (Choices) - Born this way

Things that affect growth and development

  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Drug Use

E.g; If a person is heavily overweight the rist of type 2 diabetes and heart disease increases. These are often caused through the type of lifestyle we take.

15 of 17

Environmental Factors - Born this way?

Outside factors that effect you;

  • Expect life events
  • Unexpected life events
  • Genes
  • Social/cultural/emotional factors
  • Economic
  • Physical environment
  • Psychological relationships
16 of 17


Religeon influences the way;

  • People dress
  • People eat
  • People lead their lives

E.g; A muslim lady may find it traumatic to be checked by a male doctor/nurse as there is a muslim law forbidding any contact between the 2 genders unless they are married.

17 of 17


No comments have yet been made

Similar Health & Social Care resources:

See all Health & Social Care resources »See all Unit 1 - Growth and Development resources »