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Narrative definition

Audiences adopt the narrative structures used in TV texts to help encode specific readings. Narrative structures are set to position the audience in a particular way, to share a view point both literally through visual, technical and audio codes and ideologically through the encoding of a reading.

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CSI - Structure

  • conventional narrative structure
  • police procedural drama
  • multi-strand narrative, showing solving the crimes and the effect on the characters
  • deviates with flashbacks to inform the audience
  • the true hero is science
  • mainstream appeal
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CSI -Nick and funeral scene

  • we are given the position of the protaganist Nick
  • turned away from another police funeral
  • creates enigma codes (Barthes), who's funeral is it? why is Nick being banished? who died? sound bridge for a change of scene
  • he loosens his collar because he feels uncomfortable feels emsaculated (deviaiton),  physically (broken arm) and mentally (crying)
  • Flashback - juxtaposing the funeral - answers enigma codes. highly stylised colour used to exaggerate the scene
  • hear the gun sound and snaps back to reality - three volley salute, everytime we hear a gunshot we see Nick's face through flashes of white
  • bagpipes play amazing grace the pitch changes so we can hear cockroaches, sound effects: car door, birds, guns, bombs, whiteflash back to the flash, red is heightened to show danger, wounds stand out and then soft lighting so the cop's spirit is going to heaven.
  • cuts back to the funeral, see cockroaches and then loud banging soundtrack feel the battle
  • visually see the explosion, Nick uses his status to warn them from the bomb, using his gun
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CSI - Bloodmoon

Two scenes:

  • Catherine having sex with another cop (deviates) juxtaposed with a man being chased
  • the binary opposites (strauss) of pain vs pleasure - creating tension with audience
  • ends with a superimposition of Catherines face and the mans
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Ross Kemp - opening structure

  • investigative documentary
  • follows mission narrative
  • attempts to use Todorovs theory of equillibrium - disequllibrium - restored equillibrium, cannot complete it as his exposition is too big - 'why is this the city that never healed?'
  • uses the same structure every episode
  • wlking towards the camera, talking head
  • still images - hurricane katrina - horrific
  • archive footage with a music bed underneath - shock tactics
  • 'exclusive' to make the audience think they are getting the first look
  • uses his ex careers as a forefront for his audience
  • talks to gang memebers so seen as he is risking his life, using his bad man persona
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Ross Kemp - Nothern Ireland

  • biased judgement as he talks to catholics for 33 minutes of the episode
  • using same introduction structure
  • makes the programme recognisable
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Ross Kemp - facts

  • deviates - colloquial language and intertextual references rather than received pronunciation
  • mediated as exclusive but deviates by keeping them exciting and make them feel privelleged
  • doesn't look like a presenter
  • interviews feel set up, said to be fly on the wall
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Crime Watch - facts

  • presenters:
    Kirsty young, Martin Bayfield, Mathew Amroliwala
  • Documentary genre:
    Narrator, archive footage, emotional appeal
  • News genre:
    Formal dress, serious tone, live recording
  • News values:
    negativity, recency, currency
  • trying to appeal to a younger audience: 'oh you guessed it, with a plank of wood'
  • using different entry points to be less serious - 'WANTED a delightful pair of drug dealers'
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Crime Watch - April Jones Murder

  • narrative structure
  • recency, negativity
  • red - danger. blue - death/cold
  • red lighting behind presenter
  • press release: emotive, current and exclusivity
  • still images: personalisation
  • documentary and archive footage
  • 999 call - to connect to the story and refresh our memories
  • pictures od his home (emotive), feel disgusted. 'bone fragments inside the fire'
  • live - archive. police at the end of the segment - expert (bigging themself up)
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Crime Watch - July 2012

  • reconstruction
  • witnesses
  • 'armed police'
  • professional hit
  • horrific shots and sound effects
  • significant clues
  • interview with a police man about evidence
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