Turning to Crime - Cognition - Evaluation (1)
- All 3 cognitive explanations are deterministic, as it suggests criminal behaviour is determined by an individuals thought processes.
Y+S = Criminals think differently to non-criminals
K = Lack of moral development in criminals
G+B = Criminals often blame others for their behaviour.
However, surely criminals have some element of choice in the decisions they make and how they think about crime?
- All 3 cognitive explanations explain crim behaviour as being a result of the individual's own errenuous thinking rather than on their upbriging or biological factors.
- Therefore they offer a dispositional, rather than situational explanation of criminal behaviour. Because all of the cognitive explanations only focus on criminal's thoughts, they're also reductionist.