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Upringing- Disrupted families
- Theres an argument that children from disrupted
families are more likely to turn to crime in the future
- 88 participants- 44 theives (16 affectionless
psychopaths-86% separated from mothers), 44 non-
criminal (0 affectionless psychopaths- only 4%
separated from mothers)
- interviewed them to get a record of their early
- children who had been separated from their mothers
were more likely to turn to crime…read more

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Upbringing- Disrupted Families
Evaluation of Bowlby
reliability- self report- not scientific, answers
may have been lies
Ethnocentrism- only looked at one age group
and they were all boys- not generalisiable to
adults or girls
Reductionist- only considers separation from
mothers…read more

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Upbringing- Learning from others
- many people argue that if you grow up around
criminals, you will learn from them and you're likely to
become one
- 36 boys+36 girls, 3 conditions- aggressive, non-
aggressive and control- male or female role model
- children watched the model play with the toys and
were then tested to see if they would imitate
aggressive behaviour
- children in the aggressive condition were more likely to
imitate aggressive behaviour…read more

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Upbringing- Learning from others
Evaluation of Bandura
reliability- lab experiment with high control,
standardised procedure
validity- children didn't know they were being
watched so their behaviour was genuine
Useful- observation collected lots of quali data
showing the impact of adult role models…read more

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Upbringing- poverty and
disadvantaged neighbourhoods
- deprivation is often an explanation for crimes such
as theft, and disadvantaged neighbourhoods are
often associated with gangs
- 2000 year 10s from Peterborough state schools did
a questionnaire and 200 of them were
- asked to account for how they spent every hour of
the last week
- 38% reported committing less serious offences
and 7% reported more serious crime…read more

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