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Types of Training

In-house training: Training given by other employees of the company.

External training: Training provided by people outside the company.

On-the-job training

  • Demonstrations by a skilled worker.
  • Work shadowing -following and observing an experienced colleague.
  • Undergoing a period of apprenticeship under the supervision of a skilled worker.
  • Mentoring - a new employee is supervised by an experienced trainer.
  • Job rotation - a new employee experiences work in various departments within an organisation.

Off-the-job training

  • Presentations in a separate conference room or training centre, delivered by other employees or external trainers.
  • Attending a regular day release course at a local college.
  • Short residential courses at various locations.
  • Visits to relevant locations, e.g. suppliers and clients.

On-the-job training is always in-house, but off-the-job training can be either in-house or external.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Training

Advantages of on-the-job training

  • It's the cheapest form of training.
  • Trainees gain the specific skills of the job.
  • Trainees learn about the work place culture.

Disadvantages of on-the-job training

  • Trainers may not be qualified to train others.
  • Trainers may not know new ideas and techniques.

Advantages of off-the-job training

  • Trainers are qualified to give training.
  • Trainees get a broader view of their job.

Disadvantages of off-the-job training

  • Training might be too general and not specific enough to the trainee's job.
  • It's the most expensive kind of training.
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