Types of Training
In-house training: Training given by other employees of the company.
External training: Training provided by people outside the company.
- Demonstrations by a skilled worker.
- Work shadowing -following and observing an experienced colleague.
- Undergoing a period of apprenticeship under the supervision of a skilled worker.
- Mentoring - a new employee is supervised by an experienced trainer.
- Job rotation - a new employee experiences work in various departments within an organisation.
- Presentations in a separate conference room or training centre, delivered by other employees or external trainers.
- Attending a regular day release course at a local college.
- Short residential courses at various locations.
- Visits to relevant locations, e.g. suppliers and clients.
On-the-job training is always in-house, but off-the-job training can be either in-house or external.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Training
Advantages of on-the-job training
- It's the cheapest form of training.
- Trainees gain the specific skills of the job.
- Trainees learn about the work place culture.
Disadvantages of on-the-job training
- Trainers may not be qualified to train others.
- Trainers may not know new ideas and techniques.
Advantages of off-the-job training
- Trainers are qualified to give training.
- Trainees get a broader view of their job.
Disadvantages of off-the-job training
- Training might be too general and not specific enough to the trainee's job.
- It's the most expensive kind of training.