German Army were well prepared for war with Russia
Hitler launched Operation Barbarossa- 'Operation Red Beard'
An attack on the Soviet Union, focusing on Moscow and Stalingrad
Operation Typoon launched to capture Moscow.
People panicked with rioting and looting breaking out.
Law and order broke down, government buildings deserted.
Rumoured that Stalin was in enemy hands
General Zhukov launched the first Russian counter-attack
Successfully pushing Germans back 200 kilometres away from Moscow's centre
Hitler launched Operation Blue, aiming to capture the city of Stalingrad
Believed by overturning, it would deprive Russianwar effortof a vital industrial base
But also had propaganda benefits as it bore the name of Stalin
Six-month battle of Stalingrad, bloodiest in human history
Life expectancy of a Russian solider was 24 hours
Officers around 3 days
Over 1.9 million died in the seige, still Russia resisted
Soviet counter-offensive, Operation Uranus
Defence of Stalingrad cost 1.1 million Red Army lives, and 800,000 German troops
Germans driven from Stalingrad
2/3 of German- occupied territory had been re-captured
Soviet propaganda proclaimed 'Ten Great Victories' including recapturing Crimea, Belarus, Latvia and Estonia
Red Army entered German territory, Russian soliders sought revenge for Nazi invasion
Several accounts talk of **** and murder by the advancing Red Army on the first Germans they encountered
4,000 Red Army tanks,
23,000 pieces of artillary &
4,000 aeroplanes reached the outskirts of Berlin
Germany surrendered to western allies and the USSR
In homeage, Stalin ordered Georgian soilder should be given honour of planting the Red flag on top of the German Parliament building