theories in unit 1 edexcel - cognitive

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multi-store model

MULTI-STORE MODEL

SENSORY MEMORY

- stimuli from the enviroment ener sensory memory

- sorage system is 'large capacity' 

- records infomation from the sence with reasonable accuracy

MEMORIES DECAY RAPIDLY WITHOUT ATTENTION

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multi-store model

MULTI-STORE MODEL

SHORT TERM MEMORY (STM)

- infomation passes from sensory store to STM

- capacity is 2-7 items (Miller 1956)

- Memories in STM are fragile

- Infomation is encoded acousticly (Sound)

LOST IN 30 SECONDS WITHOUT REHERSAL

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multi-store model

MULTI-STORE MODEL

LONG TERM MEMORY (LTM)

- unlimited store capacity

-infomationencoded semntically (meaning)

- infomation passes from STM to LTM with rehersal

- memories are perminant

MEMORIES CANNOT BE LOST FROM LTM

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