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Unit 1: Cognitive Psychology The Cognitive Approach

Key assumptions of Cognitive Psychology:
Cognitive psychology is concerned with internal mental processes, how we deal with information and how
we process information
It is also concerned with memory (how it works, its size, length, what information is stored, where is it
stored…

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Unit 1: Cognitive Psychology The Cognitive Approach

Forgetting

Evaluation of Multistore model of memory

S ­ Baddeley (1966) provides evidence that encoding is different in STM and LTM. More acoustic encoding
was found in STM and more semantic encoding in LTM. Clive Wearing case is a psychological case study
that…

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Unit 1: Cognitive Psychology The Cognitive Approach

information and leads to better recall. The deeper the level of processing, the easier the information is to
recall.

Elaboration and Distinctiveness (Bransford et al) = (cheats to improve your memory according to LOP)

Evaluation of Levels of Processing Framework

S ­ Hyde…

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Unit 1: Cognitive Psychology The Cognitive Approach







Evaluation of Craik and Tulving study

G ­ The sample size is small (only 24 participants) and can therefore not be generalised to the wider
population.

R ­ The study was a lab experiment and had good controls and clear operationalized variables. The…

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Unit 1: Cognitive Psychology The Cognitive Approach









Theory on forgetting (2) ­ Cue Dependency Theory of forgetting (Tulving 1975)(accessibility
theory)
Accessibility theory = memories still exist but we have trouble retrieving them

Tulving suggested that cues are extra pieces of information that help locate a memory in the LTM.
These…

Page 6

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Unit 1: Cognitive Psychology The Cognitive Approach

Divers were tested 2 at a time and submerged 20ft underwater
They were played a taped recording of the word list through a diving communication device
The word list had 36 words and was presented twice
After a 4 minute delay, ps had…

Page 7

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Unit 1: Cognitive Psychology The Cognitive Approach

Field experiment Fairly replicable because Hard to control all factors,
(carried out in the participants of experimental features which could make results
natural setting with as many More ecologically valid less valid
controls as possible and a than lab because they Hard to…

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Unit 1: Cognitive Psychology The Cognitive Approach

Extraneous variables = any other variable apart from the IV that affects the DV
Independent variable = is changed or manipulated by the researcher
Dependent variable = is dependent on the IV, it changes as a result of manipulating the IV

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