Styolypin's Land Reform 1906-1911

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De-revolutionising the Pesantry

  • Peasants were very much opposed to the Tsar as was evident in the 1905 Revolution
  • Most of the peasantry feared the Govt. was going to seize their land of mortgage holders who did not pay
  • Stolypin cancelled all these mortgage repayments and so this left the peasants on good terms with the Tsar which effectively strengthened the Tsarist regime
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Wager on the Strong

  • Stolypin wished to create a sense of security and so he created a new wealthy class of peasants- the Kulaks
  • In 1906-1907 he sought out his idea of the "wager on the strong" where he set up a Land Bank system to provide funds for the peasants, which overall made them a lot stronger and happier with Tsarism, which once again maintained his strength
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Increasing food production

  • Food shortages were becoming widespread throughout Russia
  • Stolypin wished to increase food production and he combated this by getting farmers to remove their strip system and replace with fenced fields that allowed them to grow more crops to produce more food which could help feed the growing population
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Re-settlement of Barren Land

  • Stolypin aimed at balancing out the Russian population
  • Lot of burren land needed to be resettled throughout Russia such as areas in Siberia
  • Much of the popn. including peasants were distributed there and they could use the land and use their new effective harvesting methods to turn these places into food-growing regions
  • Strength for Tsarism grew once again through support from the peasants
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