Strengths & Weaknesses of Utilitarianism

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Strengths & Weaknesses of Utilitarianism


  • It is reasonable and natural to link what is good with the persuit of happiness and pleasure and the avoidance of pain.
  • It is natural to consider the consequences of actions.
  • It is a democratic morality that looks at general happiness rather than individual aims.
  • It is common sense system that is easy to apply.
  • It is practical with clear processes for making decisions.


  • It is difficult to predict consequences.
  • It is difficult to quantify and measure pleasure.
  • Some pain is good for us and some pleasure may be bad.
  • Happiness itself is subjective.
  • Has the potenital to justify immoral acts such as gang **** and slavery.
  • The rights of minorities are not protected because humans do not have intrinsic rights.
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