Bentham - Hedonist
Principle of Utility
"Nature has placed mankind under two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure"
An introduction to the principles of morals and leglisation.
RELATIVISTIC TELEOLOGICAL CONSEQUENTIALIST
INTENSITY, DURATION,RICHNESS,REMOTENESS,PURITY, CERTAINITY, EXTENT
Quantity of Happiness
Quality over Quanity
Higher and Lower pleasures
" It is better to be a human dissatisfied than a pig satisfied.."
The Principle of Utility can be acheived by drawing up general rules.
Two types - Weak Rule and Strong Rule Utilitarianism
Compatibility with Major World Religion - Christia
To what extent is Utilitarianism compatible with the traditional teaching of one major world religion?
Encourages selflessness- "Love your neighbour as you love yourself"
Strong Rule Utilitarianism is Absolutist - 10 commandments
Utilitarianism goal is happiness- Christianity goal is also happiness
Utilitarianism is a secular theory
Christianity is Absolutist/Deontological whereas Utilitarianism is Relativistic/Consequentialist
Act Utilitarianism goal is to acheive happiness - Christians goal to acheive the will of God
Evaluation of Utilitarianism
For many people Happiness is the key aim in life.
Evaluates consquences- real effects of people basis of evaluating actions.
theory treats everyone the same.
Simple just acheive the greatest happiness.
Provides a way of measuring happiness- Hedonic Calculus.
Reliant on human ability to predict consquences.
fails to consider duites or obligation to others.
Happiness is subjective
Hedonic Calculus is impratical