Religion and Society GCSE Key Words

Key words for all the sections of the GCSE.

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Rights and Responsibilities

The Bible

The holy book of Christians

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Rights and Responsibilities

The Church

The community of Christians

(witha small 'c' it means a Christian place of worship)

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Rights and Responsibilities

Conscience

An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action

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The Decalogue

The Ten Commandments

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Rights and Responsibilities

Democratic Processes

The ways in which all citizens can take part in government (usually through elections)

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Electroral Processes

The ways in which voting is organised

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The Golden Rule

The teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you

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Human Rights

The rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled

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Political Party

A group which tries to be elected into power on the basis of its polices (e.g. labour, conservative)

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Pressure Group

A group formed to influence government policy on a particular issue

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Situation Ethics

The idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do

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Rights and Responsibilities

Social Change

The way in which society has changed and is changing (and also the possibilities for future change)

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Artifical Insemination

Injecting ***** into the uterus by artifical means

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Conservation

Protecting and preserving the natural resources and the environment

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Creation

The act of creating the universe or the universe which has been created

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Embryo

A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Environment

The surroundings in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Global Warming

The increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere (thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect)

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Infertility

Not being able to have children

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Environmental and Medical Issues

In-vitro fertilisation

The method of fertilising a human egg in a test-tube

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Natural resources

Naturally occuring materials, such as oil and fertile land, which can be used by humans   

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Organ donation

Giving organs to be used in transplant surgery

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Stewardship

Looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation

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Environmental and Medical Issues

Surrogacy

An arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman

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Peace and Conflict

Aggression

Attacking without being prevoked

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Peace and Conflict

Bullying

Intimidating or frightening people weaker than yourself

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Peace and Conflict

Conflict Resolution

Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion

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Peace and Conflict

Exploitation

Taking advantage of a weaker group

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Peace and Conflict

Forgiveness

Stopping blaming someone and/or pardoning them for what they have done wrong

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Peace and Conflict

Just War

A war which is fought for the right reasons and in the right way

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Peace and Conflict

Pacifism

The belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means

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Peace and Conflict

Reconciliation

Bringing together people who were opposed to each other 

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Peace and Conflict

Respect

Treating a person or their feelings with consideration

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Peace and Conflict

The United Nations

An international body set up to promote world peace and cooperation

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Peace and Conflict

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Weapons which can destroy large areas and numbers of people

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Peace and Conflict

World peace

The ending of war throughout the whole world (the basic aim of the UN)

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Crime and Punishment

Addiction

A reccuring compulsion to engage in an activity regardless of its bad effects

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Crime and Punishment

Capital punishment

The death penalty for a crime or offence

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Crime and Punishment

Crime

An act against the law

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Crime and Punishment

Detterence

The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off commiting crimes

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Crime and Punishment

Judgement

The act of judging people and their actions 

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Crime and Punishment

Justice

Due allocation of reward and punishment / the maintenance of what is right

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Crime and Punishment

Law

Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts

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Crime and Punishment

Reform

The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again

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Crime and Punishment

Rehabilitation

Restore to normal life

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Crime and Punishment

Responsibility

Being responsible for one's actions

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Crime and Punishment

Retribution

The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong

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Crime and Punishment

Sin

An act against the will of God

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