- Created by: meanleanrevisionmachine
- Created on: 25-05-19 22:04
BERKSHIRE- REASONS FOR SUCCESS
TNC/ COMPANY INVESTMENT: headquarters of major TNCs, eg Reading, Slough and Bracknell- Microsoft and Oracle Bracknell has Waitrose and BMW. cheap factory and office spaces
SERVICES AND FACILITIES: many jobs created booming population, demand for services. already was already a tourist attraction (due to historical importance e Windso Park, AONB, Ascot racing, dairy traditional farming). lots of media coverage (Ascot, Midsomer Murders)
TRANSPORT LINKS: M4 links East to West (Cardiff is easy reach of Bristol, to London, London to rest of country or abroad). M25- London Heathrow provides easy business access. Great Western Railway Line. accessible countryside = high quality of life. construction of CROSSRAIL will increase this.
POPULATION as a RESOURCE: 1/4 of Berkshire workers qualified in a knowledge-based, managerial position. links to Uni of Cardiff, Reading, Bristol, Bath and London ones.
BERKSHIRE DRAWBACKS OF SUCESSES
HOUSE PRICE INCREASES- forces local population out (important to remember not EVERYONE IS RICH- lots of pockets of deprivation within wealthy areas). 20% of them cannot afford to compete with rich young families.
JOB LOSS IN older office/longer journey regions- eg Swindon
ROAD CONGESTION as more people are commutng into London or major cities
CONCEALED POCKETS OF POVERTY- nearly 1/4 of children in Reading live in poverty
CREATION OF COMMUTER TOWNS -local services suffer as little money invested back, house prices rise
RUSE BELT- REASONS FOR UNSUCCESS
TNC/COMPANY INVESTMENT: deindustrialisation as competition from abroad made laour cheaper so indusrty moved abroad. creates spiral of decline.
SERVICES AND FACILITIES: University in Youngtown (Detroit) wasn't accesible to main town so students wouldnt spend money in town. lack of services (especially community/social ones) made crime grow. people have less disposable incme to spend.
TRANSPORT LINKS: stereotype that using the Greyhound buses is for 'poor' people and immigrants- avoidance. lack of high tech transport. low population density. plans to link Cleveland and Chigaco- creating a hyperloop. lack of public transport like major cities. 14 major rust belt towns have no trains
POPULATION: spiral of decline (beginning with mass unenployment) means less income, people cant afford to live, services shut down, place becomes unnatractive etc.
PRIORITIES FOR RUST BELT REGENERATION
derelict land transformation eg into pretty AND affordable housing to attract new and young families.
fixing disrepaired homes
gang intervention- social mobility and community schemes
improvements to infrastrcture
crime- social intervention
creation of jobs as businesses are attracted