- Set in dugout (form) allowing an inside view of the horrors of wa. The fact it is set over a short piece of time demonstrates the daily trauma of waiting, dying etc Thoughts and feelings build up and then lots of events happen very quickly- that the reality of the character's situation.
- "W3e must have pepper"- lack of supplies, a need to make the day to day life of war resemble normality. Mundane conversation higlights the rather un-glorious aspects of war.
- Change in Raleigh's character- starts off excited, if a little nervous-surprised at how quiet the front line is, he was expecting something more exciting. When Osborne dies his character changes in a very small space of time- he walks slowly down the steps.
- "It all seems a bit silly doesn't it"- war is not glorious, it doesn't make sense.
- Ralph's letter demonstrates desperation- war has changed them. Different views of the reality of war presented-waste of life (Tom), secong flood (Arthur) etc
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- Morphine tablets a necessity- when Douglas dies "we'll get you some morphine"
- So many people have died and the war has destroyed the French and Belgian terrain "There's so much muscle and blood in the Earth" "They expect to die" - death is becomes the norm.
- The men walk past a mass grave being dug before the battle- their grave.
- Brennan finds his brother on a patrol to collect the dead bodies- he only finds a torso "his fingers vanishing into buttered green flesh"
- Jack Firebrace's work is far from glamorous- in a tunnel, with air fed into it, constantly in danger.
- When they bury Jack and Joseph Levi, it demonstrates that really they are not enemies. "They dug a grave for him and Jospeh Levi. They made it a joint grave, because the war was over"
- The "boy" in the hospital anf Tipper represent the loss of youth, war is a waste of life.
- The experience of the soldiers is so terrible that it affects them hugely, some for life.
- e.g Burns is blown into a gas filled german corpse.
- Sasson's declaration- the war has been fought for the wrong reasons, in reality it could have been avoided.
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'Dulce Et Decorum Est'- Wilfred Owen
- The old lie- it is good and glorious to fight and die, this is heavily contrasted in the poem- the death of the soldier is not glorious it is horrifying, dehumanising.
- "Bent double" suggests war has not made their life worth while but stolen it from them.
- Graphic description of death- this is no game, "drowning" "choking"- exposes the brutality and violence of war, often hidden by propoganda.
'Anthem for Doomed Youth'- Wilfred Owen
- Title itself suggests the death of those who go to war is inevitable- this is the reality of war, people die.
- "stuttering rifles' rapid rattle" everything is unsure in war.
'Exposure'- Wilfred Owen
- "But nothing happens" - constant waiting
- The soldiers are exposed to the weather, in terrible condiditons- the weather is the enemy.
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'Strange Meeting'- Wilfred Owen
- The structure of the poem moves from the battle field to Hell and in doing so demnstrates the reality of war, i.e they are very hard to distinguish.
- "It seemed that out of battle I escaped" Hell is better than war.
'Glory of Women'
- "Knitting socks to send your son his face trodden deeper in the mud"- contrasts reality of war and the views of those at home. The mother is trying to help her son who is past helping.
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