Psychological Abrnormality; Explanations of Mental Abrnormality

Psychological Abrnormality; Explanations of Mental Abrnormality; 4 explanations and an insight to each one

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Sian
  • Created on: 08-04-12 15:20

Psychological Abrnormality; Explanations of Mental

Psychological Abrnormality; Explanations of Mental Abrnormality

There are four explanations of Mental Abnormality

1)Biological Reasons

2)Cognitive Thinking reasons

3)Behavioural Reasons

4)Psychodynamic

1 of 10

Biological Reasons

1)Biological Reasons

  • Genes
  • Brian Damage
  • Drug/Alcohol abuse
  • Premeture Birth
  • Child Birth
  • Brain Chemicals
2 of 10

Cognitive thinking

2)Cognitive Thinking reasons

  • Thinking you have to much responability
  • stress
  • low self esteem
  • narcissicm
3 of 10

Behavioural reasons

3)Behavioural Reasons

  • Social Influence
  • Childhood experiences
  • bullying
  • discrimination
  • How your parents act
  • Media influence
4 of 10

Psychodynamic reasons

4)Psychodynamic

  • Bad childhood
  • Traumatic experiences
5 of 10

Behavioural explanation of abnormality; Classical

Classical Conditioning
-We learn by accociations

(pavlov dogs) (little Albert) ->responce to other factors which resemble the CR are examples of GENERALISATION. after a while this association becomes less intence, this is an example of ASSOCIATION EXTINGUISH.

Examples; Can explain phobias.
-Learn to associate the item you are scared of with something else that has frightened you.

Noise-->fear
Dog+Noise-->Fear
Dog-->Fear

 

 

6 of 10

Behavioural explanation of abnormality; Operant Co

2) Operant conditioning
-behaviour is rewarded (possitivley reinforced) or punished (negative reinforced) determin whether we repeat certain behaviours again.

(Skinners Box)- Found rats who were rewarded with food when they pressed a leaver, quickly learnt to press it more often.

Examples; Can potentially explain anorexia
-When you loose weight people notice and say nice things, this is seen as a reward for loosing weight so you carry on dieting.

7 of 10

Behavioural explanation of abnormality; Social Lea

3)Social Learning theory.

BANDURA, 1950

Demonstrated that children will copy the behaviour of a role model
                                       (same sex parent/friend/celeb)

More likely to copy behaviour if they can see it has brought about rewards for the person they are copying.

Examples; Can explain antisocial, aggressive behaviour and partially explain eating disorders. (baribies/airbrushed models) 

8 of 10

Behavioural model of abnormality; Limitations

Behavioural model of abnormality; Limitations

  • Simplistic model. Leaves out thoughts, feelings and mental processes. due to this complexity of human behaviour is not captured. E.G; there is evidence that eating disorder sufferers have a disorted body image which is difficult to exaplin from this model
  • Focuses on symptoms and ignores underlying causes. can be viewed as reductionist.
  • Ignores biological factors
9 of 10

Behavioural model of abnormality; Strengths

Behavioural model of abnormality; Strengths

  • Recognises importance of the enviroment. Takes into account cultural differences
  • Behavioural model has led to therapies that have prooved to be sucsessful in treating mental disorders. The sucsess of the treatments provides support for the model.
10 of 10

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »