Proposed role for Women
- Strong mother and housewife.
- Women were urged to have more children as a vital way of strengthening the Nazi Volkgemeinschaft.
- 1935 Organisation to Aid Mothers and Children promoted, 'Germany grows through strong mothers and healthy children'.
- A portray of the ideal German family was painted in 1930- showing a married German couple with light hair and eyes, and four healthy and happy children of the same breed, thus, hair and eye colour.
A women's role in the home was to:
- Raise many children
- Look after her family
- Be a good housemaker
- Cook using left overs
Third Reich and Nazi Slogan on Role of Women
- Women's experience of the Third Reich was complexed and varied, and was not simply a reflection of Nazi ideology
- The Nazi slogan on the role of women consisted of the 3Ks. Kinder, Kirche and Kuche, meaning, Children, Church and Kitchen.
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What did Nazis dislike about emancipated women?
- Nazis wanted to reverse recent trends that had increased opportunities for women throughout Europe. Including, increased female employment in the non-agriculture sector and declining birth rate due to a wider access to contaception and increasing opportunites for women.
- These trends were present under the Weimar Republic, many of whose supporters advocated further Emancipation.
- The Nazis acted against these trends as they had a clear vision of wome performing what the Nazis considered to be their traditional role as homemaker and child bearers.
- In the Nation Struggle for Survival (economic depression as well as World War Two), women had a vital, yet different, role from the warrier men, to breed genetically pure Germans to ensure German supremacy.
- Nazis emphasised the role of family as 'the germ cell of the nation'-had clear implications for the position of women in the state.
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Contradictions and Success' in Nazi policies towar
- Conservative and stabilising elements of Nazi ideology (to keep them in their place and maintain them as a pillar of traditional, hierarchical society, could not be reconciled with the political, social and racial ambitions of the Nazi regime.
- Women who satisfied the political, radical and social requirements, of which the vast majority did, did not percieve the Third Reich as a women's hell.
- Anti-feminist policies of the regime were partially successful after 1933, as they secured the approval and gratitude of many German people, men and women alike.
- They were too, partially successful in blocking and turning back the social, economic and educational pressures, which had been conduive to gradual process towards emancipation in the preceding decades.
- Third Reich offered women novel opportunities for participation and recognition in public life, and, indeed, many women benefited in an unprecedented fashion from such socio-political innovation.
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