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Women in Nazi Germany
Women lived by Kinder, Küche and Kirche. This meant that their three priorities were
her children, church and children.
1929: Goebbels stated "The mission of women is to be beautiful and to bring children
into the world. This is not at all as... unmodern as it sounds. The female bird preens
herself for her mate and hatches eggs for him. In exchange, the male takes care of
gathering food, and stands guard and wards off the enemy."
Women in Nazi Germany played an important role in the idea of Volksgemeinschaft
(People's Community). They were to provide the foundations of the racially pure
community that Hitler hoped to create.
Hitler stated "Every child that a woman brings into the world is a battle, a battle waged
for the existence of her people."
Women and men were supposed to exist in separate spheres according to Nazi
ideology. The Nazis said that these separate spheres had a biological basis. Hitler
said "the world of women is a smaller world. For her world is her husband, her family,
her children, and her house".
The role of women was celebrated and held up as important, however it is difficult not
to see women in Nazi Germany as inferior to men.
Children, Church and Kitchen
The Three Ks (Kinder, Kirche and Küche) was the motto for women. `Children' for
motherhood, `Church' for morality and `Kitchen' for wife and domestic provider.
The entire focus of a female's existence in Nazi Germany was supposed to be on
domesticity and motherhood.
Girls were educated in domestic and childrearing skills at school and in the
Jungmadel and German Girls League.
Money for Motherhood
· Women were encouraged to have as many children as possible.
· Financial incentives were offered for prolific childbearing grants, taxfree loans and
· Family allowance payments were increased and childless couples paid higher tax.
· The Nazis wanted to increase the birthrate so they passed antiabortion laws, made
access to contraception limited and women were given medals to reward them for
having large families (The Motherhood Cross 12st August).
1933: the Law for the Reduction of Unemployment cleverly linked the fight to reduce
unemployment with the introduction of Nazi policies towards women. Marriage los
were granted to women who gave up their jobs.
1933: Hitler introduced the Law for the Encouragement of Marriage. The Law said that
the government would give all newly married couples a loan of 1000 marks
(equivalent to nine months wages). When the first child was born, the couple could
keep a quarter of the loan on the birth of the second child, the couple could keep the
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They could keep the third quarter on the birth of the third child, and
the entire amount on the birth of the fourth.
October 1933: Restrictions were put on women's employment in the civil service. The
official guidelines were "In the event of males and females being equally qualified for
employment in public service, the male applicant should be given preference."
Lebensbaurn Spring of Life. Maternity homes were also becoming brothels.…read more
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Some German women Nazi Policy on women was incoherent
(nonprofessional and nonacademic) and inconsistent many women kept
were positive about the changes their jobs (especially teachers) and many
made as they enjoyed the increased women were employed (and became
status of motherhood and the powerful) by the Nazis. (Nazi Women's
domestic role. League etc). Many women became SS
officers also, such as Irma Grese, one of
the most brutal officers in
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We are opposed to women going into the professions which make them `mannified'. What
National Socialists want are women who are genuine comrades and mothers. The ideal
woman is one who, above all, is capable of being a mother." The Nazi Rudolf Hess speaking
in May 1936.
"Take hold of kettle, broom and pan. Then you'll surely get a man! Shop and office leave
alone, your true life work lies at home." German rhyme addressed to women.…read more