Natalist Policy Case Studies

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  • Created by: Isla S
  • Created on: 11-05-14 23:52

China

  • Biggest population in the world - cant sustain
  • Mass starvation at end of 20th century
  • Gov Policies
  • 1970s - 3 policies to reduce birth rate
  • Late marriage, longer spacing between births and fewer children
  • Average number of children per woman dropped from 6 to 2.5
  • Incentives and punishments:
  • Advertising
  • tax incentives for those with one child
  • women forced to have abortions
  • free services for single children with heavy fees for additional ones
  • neighbours encouraged to inform on family or friends expecting
  • evaluation:
  • reduced birth rate from 31-17 per 1000
  • reduced growth rate from 2.4% to 0.9% per year
  • China now has shrinking population of working age adults - fewer to care for elderly
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Romania

  • zero population growth in 1966
  • prohibited abortions
  • income tax on childless couples after age 25, married or not
  • banning the import and selling of contraception
  • making divorce more difficult
  • incentives:
  • increases in family allowance paid by the state
  • monetary rewards after birth of 3rd child
  • a 30% reduction on income tax or parents with 3+ children
  • 1967 birth rate doubled from previous year
  • slipped again in 1983
  • Legal age of marriage lowered to 15
  • more taxes
  • monthly medical examinations for women of child bearing age
  • miscarriages investigated 
  • qualify for an abortion - women had to have 5 children, with all 5 still within her care or be over 45
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