Learning Skills

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  • Created by: Katherine
  • Created on: 30-03-13 21:36

We Learn Skills By:

  • Making association or links between sitmuli
  • Observing others and copying them
  • Using experiences of trial and error
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Methods of Learning Skills

  • Practise and Rehearsal
    • e.g. repeatedly practising your shooting in basketball
  • Copying Others/Observational Learning
    • e.g. to watch a demonstration of an arabesque in gymnastics carried out by an expert gymnast
  • Trail and Error
    • e.g. to try a backhand volley in table tennis and to learnd form your mistakes when playing the shot.
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Practise and Rehearsal

  • Used through repetitive skill drills
  • Practise encourages movements to become almost automatic
  • The responses of the learner will be conditioned when associated with a particular stimulus
  • However when using drills the participant can't always gain an understanding of why they are doing something

Example: a hockey player dribbling the ball may recognise a route opening to the goal and run it, in an almost automtic repsonse if they have practised this stimulus many times in training

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Trial and Error

  • Sometime called operant conditioning
  • involves the showing of our movements and techniques trought the use of reinforcement
  • widely used in the teaching of motor skills and is extremely effective

Example: A netball player will try out different methods of passing the ball to see which one works best.

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Copying Others

  • Also known as Observational Learning
  • Learning takes place through the observation and imitation of others
  • It involves the influence of other people
  • Therefore the demonstration process is particularly important
  • The person whos skills are being observed is called the role model
  • We are more likely to copy those who show acceptable skills.
  • Top sports people are often role models, whoose behaviour and skills are seen to be acceptable and copied by many

Example: To watch a demostration of an arabesque in gymnastics carried out by an expert gymnast

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Good Demonstrations May Include:

  • A successful demonstrator who is good at the activity
  • Highlighted aspects of the demonstration e.g. position of arms
  • Demonstration is repeated
  • The activity is then practised and rehearsed
  • There are rewards available, such as praise to encourage copying
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Michelle SMith


Definitions of how skill is learnt with good practical examples  

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