Kielder Water

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  • Created by: Jiya
  • Created on: 10-01-16 11:11

Factfile

·         40 miles north west of Newcastle. Few miles south of Scottish border

·         12km long – Largest artificial lake in UK

·         Construction began in 1975, opened in 1982 to satisfy increased water demands from chemical and steel industries in Teeside

·         Cost £167 million

·         100,000 hectare forest around reservoir

·         Holds 200 billion litres of water

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Economic

·         Forest generates cash

·         Jobs made available

·         Tourism benefits

·         Costs £167 million to build

·         Industry declined so not used to full ability

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Social

·         ¼ million visitors yearly

·         Schools + youth groups use it recreationally

·         Orienteering + water sports

·         Caravan Sites, Youth hostels, Hotels

·         7 Families needed to be rehoused

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Environmental

·         All terrain path 40km on edge of reservoir

·         HEP generates 6MW enough for 4000 houses per year

·         Eco Village powered by waste chips from forestry process

·         Water levels always remain high

·         Habitats protected especially Red Squirrels and Ospreys

·         Woodland extracted sustainably

·         Flooded beautiful valley

·         Displaced farming communities

·         1.5 million trees cut down for lake

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Sustainability

·         Charge more for water—must be used sustainably

·         Consider needs of environment, wildlife, fisheries + recreation for water resources

·         Make appliances more efficient

·         Share surplus water

·         Reduce water leakage

·         Install water metres in all homes

·         Building new homes—make more water efficient

·         Increase use of rainwater harvesting, grey water recycling for agriculture, industry + commercial use

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