Oral tradition: A tradition which is passed on by word of mouth or imitation rather then by written means
Protest songs: Folk songs with political lyrics
Fusion: A mingling, or blending together, of more then one musical style or culture to create a new "fussed" sound
Gharnana: indian sysrtem of master-pupil teaching
Rag: improvised music in several contrasting sections, based on a series of notes from a particular rag.
Pentatonic scale: A scale built on five notes (penta meaning 5) of the scale on the first, second, third, fifth and sixth degrees of the scale. In C major these are C,D,E,G and A
Rasa: mood created by the sounds of the piches in a perticular rag.
Bols: in a tala, these are the independent rhythm parts that go against the main beat of the cycle creationg exciting syncopations.
Matras: individuatual beats in a rhythmic cycle.
sam: The first beat of the rhythmic cycle
Syncopations: Notes accented off the beats. The weak part of the beat is often emphasised
teental (or tintal): common 16-beat (4+4+4+4) rhythmic cycle.
alap: the opening unmetred and improvised section of a raga.
Bandish: the last