Area of Studys

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  • Created by: Beena
  • Created on: 18-12-12 14:22

AOS 1 - Handel


A Major modulates to dominant of E Major the the dominant of that, B Major

3/4 Time - three crotchet beats in each bar (Rhythm)

Basso Continuo - Cello, Organ and Harpsichord

SATB Choir - Soprano, Alto, Tenor Bass

Hemiola Rhythm - gives a pushed feel (piece has a 2 beat feel not 3 beat)

Use of Sequence and Ostinato in melody

Use of Peddle Note (harmony)

Orchestra doubles choir parts

Use of Plagal Cadence at end (IV [subdominant] and I [tonic])

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AOS 1 - Handel (2)

Ends with slower tempo - Adagio - Sounds like it's finished

Texture begins Homophonic some parts are polyphonic but NEVER MONOPHONIC

Terrace Dynamics - no crescendo or diminuendo

                           - more people, increase dynamics and less people decrease dynamics

Piece Sounds Lively because:

Major Key


Baroque Era - 1600 - 1750

Allegro Tempo

Structure of the Piece:

Three parts: Birth, Death and Resurrection

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AOS 1 - Handel (3)

SATB Choir

First Motif: Alto enter with 'And the glory, the glory of the Lord' (Syllabic)

Second Motif: Tenor enter with 'be revealed'. The words 'revealed' is Melismatic

Third Motif: Alto enter with 'and all the flesh shall see it together'. Repeated 3 times (x3)

Final Motif: Tenors and Basses enter with 'for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it'

                 - Only motif introduced by 2 parts

                 - Sung in Unison (first 5 bars), the in harmony (last 2 bars)

                 - Most of the motif is on the same note (pedal point/note - held-on note)

                 - Long dotted minims and minims making it sound serious and important

Only once motifs are introduced, can they be imitated. The parts overlap - create canon

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AOS 1 - Handel Questions

Name a rhythmic feature used

What are the 4 vocals used?

What key is the piece in?

What are the instruments used?

Give 2 musical features that make the piece joyful

What is a peddle note and where is it used?

What type of cadence does it finish with? Give Roman Numerials

Name the three sections which the piece is split into

Comment on the use of:

Tempo, Melody, Harmony, Structure and Rhythm in the piece

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AOS 1 - Mozart

Molto Allegro Tempo (very fast)

Small Classical Orchestra - Strings, Woodwind and Horns                                     

                                         - NO DRUMS OR TRUMPETS

Homophonic Texture and use of Imitation

Sonata Form: Exposition, Development and Recapitulation followed by CODA

Exposition: Contrasting themes and ends in different related key to the beginning one

Development: Themes are taken through variation

Recapitulation: Exposition themes repeated. Usually changed may have ornaments

CODA: Finishs the piece off neatly

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AOS 1 - Mozart (2)

Classical Era - 1750 to 1827

Two Themes/Subjects

First Subject:

  • G Minor (two flats)
  • Piano dynamics
  • Dark, Intense mood
  • Molto Allegro
  • Melody starts on 4th beat of bar (weak beat)
  • use of Anticede and Consequent (call and response)

Second Subject:

  • Bb Major (relative major)
  • Lyrical and relaxed mood
  • Melody shared on woodwind and strings
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AOS 1 - Mozart (3)

Use of Rhythmic Motifs

Minor Tonality

Cut Common Time - 2/2

Diatonic Harmony

Harmony: G Minor (1st theme/subject Exposition)

               Bb Major (2nd theme/subject of Exposition)

               G Minor returns (Recapitulation)

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AOS 1 - Mozart Questions

Comment on structure, tonality, harmony, melody and tempo/rhythm in the piece

Name two instruments NOT used in the piece

What is the sturcture of the piece? Describe each part

What key is the first subject in?

What key is the second subject in?

Which musical period is this piece from?

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Only uses Piano

Rubato Tempo

In Db Major then changes to the enharmonic minor of C# Minor

Melody changes from right hand to left hand to right hand

In ternary form - ABA and ends with a Coda

Diatonic Harmony

Conjunct Melody

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Sorry I know Chopin is incomplete but it is pretty simple and there are better resources on this website for Chopin :)

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